What is Pure Research? Most Important Features

The pure research it is the kind of research oriented towards understanding the basic principles behind the operation of the world. Its main purpose is to satisfy curiosity or provide answers to a scientific curiosity.

The purpose of pure research is to increase the bases of scientific knowledge. This type of research is exclusively theoretical, since they only seek to improve human understanding of certain phenomena or a particular behavior.

What is Pure Research?  Most Important Features

Unlike applied research, pure research does not seek to solve or try to solve these problems.

The idea of ​​pure research is to have a better understanding of the fundamental concepts within a particular scientific field.

It does not have an immediate and specific application, although later its findings can be used for other applicable uses.

Generally, these investigations involve a high level of intellectual caliber, as well as the support of a respected institution.

Those who are involved in these investigations place all their efforts to the formulation or reformulation of theories.

Often these types of studies are driven by curiosity and their discoveries help to improve the innovations of applied science.

This research is organized and systematic; his goal is to find answers to the questions that surround life and the universe.

Main characteristics

Pure research is also known as fundamental research or basic research and seeks to have a better understanding of phenomena.

Those who do it do not worry about the practical application; their efforts are directed towards the elaboration of theories.

Essentially studies are carried out to obtain a better knowledge of the natural phenomena whose applications may or may not have any use in the immediate future or even after a long time. For that reason it is fundamental in nature.

The knowledge gained from these studies expands the theoretical basis of a particular topic. Many times they are carried out by universities or other higher research centers.

Pure research involves the process of collecting and analyzing information to develop and improve the theory.

In its most basic form, pure research is done only for the purpose of developing the theory or refining it; seeks to increase understanding of fundamental principles.

In many opportunities the final results do not have immediate or commercial benefits, since these studies are elaborated based only on curiosity.

However, in the long term they serve as the basis for many commercial products and applied research.


Pure research is important because it advances fundamental knowledge about the human world.

It focuses on testing or discarding theories that explain how the world operates, why certain things happen, why social relationships are in a certain way, why society changes, among other questions.

This kind of research is the source of most new scientific ideas and ways of thinking about the world.

Pure research generates new ideas, principles and theories that, although they can not be used immediately, base modern progress and development in different fields.

For example, today's computers would not exist without the pure research that mathematicians did a century ago, although at that time there was no practical application for that information.

Pure research rarely helps people in their day-to-day lives, but stimulates new ways of thinking that have the potential to improve practical application in the future.

The 3 types of pure research

1- Exploratory research

Exploratory research is the examination of a topic in an attempt to gain more knowledge about it.

With these investigations, the researcher begins with a general idea and uses research as a tool to identify problems that could be the focus of future studies.

In this case it is not sought to have a definitive answer; As its name implies, you only want to explore the research questions and not offer final or conclusive solutions.

2- Descriptive research

Descriptive research involves observing and describing the behavior of a subject without influencing the subject in any way.

This information can be collected through observation or case studies

3- Exploratory research

This research is what is done when a problem has not been studied more clearly; seeks to identify the nature and the relationships of cause and effect. Basically seeks to connect ideas to understand the cause and effect of a phenomenon.

Exploratory research only means that researchers want to explain what is happening.

Most characteristic elements of pure research

  • These studies seek to increase the knowledge of the fundamental principles.
  • They are often strictly theoretical in nature.
  • They offer the foundations of science.
  • They are mainly academic and are carried out by universities or teaching institutes.
  • They are usually a source of new scientific ideas or new perspectives on the world.
  • Their studies can be exploratory, descriptive or explanatory.
  • Increase the scientific knowledge base of man or the understanding of a phenomenon.
  • It does not seek to solve problems.
  • Your results do not have any direct or potential economic value.
  • Generates new ideas, principles or theories; or simply expand knowledge.
  • It does not seek to create or invent something in particular.
  • Involves directly or indirectly the development of a theory.


Valid questions for a pure investigation

  • What effect does roasting coffee beans have on their antioxidant properties?
  • What makes the wood so hard?
  • What are the protons, neutrons and electrons made up of?
  • What is the genetic code of an anteater?
  • How do cockroaches reproduce?
  • How the universe came to be what it is today?

Pure research that can be developed

  • An investigation that reviews whether stress levels cause students to cheat on exams.
  • A study that looks at the impact of caffeine consumption on the brain.
  • An investigation that examines whether men or women are more likely to suffer from depression.
  • A study that explores how attachment between children of divorced parents compares to children raised by parents who remain together.


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  3. Explorable research. Retrieved from wikipedia.org
  4. What is basic research? (2017). Recovered from verywell.com
  5. Basic research. Retrieved from wikipedia.org
  6. Basic research and applied research. Retrieved from study.com
  7. Basic vs applied research (2016). Retrieved from slideshare.com
  8. Pure research. Retrieved from businessdictionary.com
  9. Exploratory research. Retrieved from study.com
  10. Explorable research. Retrieved from study.com

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