He Goal of physical education Is to develop students' physical competence and knowledge of movement and safety, as well as their ability to use them in a wide range of activities related to the development of an active and healthy lifestyle.
It also develops students' confidence and generic skills, especially those of collaboration, communication, creativity, critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. These, together with the promotion of positive values and attitudes in physical education, provide a good basis for students' lifelong learning.
The physical education Is a course that focuses on the development of physical fitness in youth. Like music, or math, this is a required course in elementary and high school. Most of the time, it is also required in college.
A major objective of physical education is to promote interpersonal skills Effective, as they are essential for participation in meaningful and satisfying relationships in the family, school, recreation, work and community contexts.
Interpersonal skills such as assertive communication , The negotiation, the conflict resolution , Cooperation and leadership enable students to act responsibly and effectively contribute to groups and teams.
To understand physical education, we must understand the skills it seeks to promote, which are its main goals to improve in a person:
- Cardiovascular fitness. This is the ability of your heart and lungs to deliver the oxygen your body needs for your daily tasks.
- Force. This is the amount of physical power that a muscle or group of muscles can use against a weight or resistance.
- Resistance. It is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to repeat movements or maintain a position for a certain period of time.
- Flexibility. It refers to the range of motion of the body. Pilates , yoga And gymnastics help promote this particular fitness component.
- Body composition. It refers to the proportion of the fat component of the body versus its lean mass.
Objectives of Physical Education
- Understand the content of physical education and disciplinary concepts related to the development of a physically educated person.
- Manage knowledge of how individuals learn and develop and can provide opportunities that support students' physical, cognitive, social and emotional development.
- Differentiate the learning forms of each person in their own approaches to learning, and create appropriate instruction adapted to these differences.
- Motivate individual and group behavior by creating safe learning environments that foster positive social interaction, active engagement in learning and self-motivation.
- Develop effective verbal, non-verbal and media communication techniques to improve learning and participation in physical activity settings.
- Encourage students' physical, cognitive, social and emotional development.
- Evaluate the effects of your actions on others (for example, students, parents / guardians, fellow professionals) and look for opportunities to grow professionally.
- Use information technology to improve learning and improve personal and professional productivity.
- Encourage relationships with colleagues, parents / guardians, and community agencies to support the growth and well-being of the entire community.
- Appreciate and understand the value of physical education and its relationship to a healthy and active lifestyle.
- Work at your optimal level of physical fitness.
- Become aware of the movement as a creative medium connected with communication, expression and aesthetic appreciation.
- Develop the motor skills needed to successfully participate in a variety of physical activities.
- Enjoy and feel satisfaction through physical activity.
- Develop social skills that demonstrate the importance of teamwork and cooperation in group activities.
- Demonstrate a high level of interest and personal commitment showing initiative, enthusiasm and commitment.
- Demonstrate the ability to critically reflect on physical activity in a local and intercultural context.
- Work cooperatively.
- Apply tactics, strategies and rules in individual and group situations.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the principles and concepts related to a variety of physical activities.
- Understand the importance of physical activity for a healthy lifestyle.
- Remember and understand the various components that contribute to health-related fitness.
- Show acquired motor skills needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
- Use concepts of movement appropriately in relation to themselves, others and their physical environment.
- Apply principles of health and fitness effectively through a variety of physical activities.
- Respect themselves, in addition to their social and physical environment.
- Demonstrate the ability and enthusiasm to convey to others in the community the knowledge, skills and techniques that have been learned.
- Support and encourage others, allowing a positive work environment, where no one feels pressured, on the contrary, where everyone is comfortable.
- Develop attitudes and strategies that improve their relationship with others, both in the school environment and in the community social environment.
- Show knowledge and understanding in a variety of physical activities and evaluate their own performances and those of others.
- Show sensitivity to their own and different cultures, always respecting the opinions of other people.
- Show initiative, creativity and willingness to improve, start to form own enterprises to improve health.
- Take responsibility for your own learning process and demonstrate commitment to the activity, showing enthusiasm and commitment.
- Show self motivation, organization and responsible behavior.
- Understand and use various training methods, analyzing the one that best suits their own physical characteristics.
- Evaluate the individual levels of fitness components, so you know where to emphasize your workouts.
- Recognize, analyze and evaluate the effects of a variety of physical activities on themselves and others.
- Reflect and evaluate your own performance in order to set goals for future development.
- Define the various components of health and fitness, for a good development of physical activity.
- Recognize the physical and mental benefits of increased physical activity, both in the body and in the mind.
- Understand anatomy, basic bio-mechanical principles and terminology.
- Determine factors related to development, fitness levels and training strategies.
- Examine the effect of nutrition , Rest and other lifestyle factors that contribute to better health.
- Apply the fundamental skills learned.
- Use physical activity as a tool to manage stress.
- Empower yourself by establishing and working towards realistic individual goals.
- It participates in a motivating and nourishing environment that results in a greater sense of well-being and self-esteem.
- Participate in active learning to stimulate ongoing research on physical education, health and fitness.
- Create a plan based on safe, progressive, methodical and efficient activities to improve improvement and minimize the risk of injury.
- Identify common health and fitness myths along with trends related to the evolutionary nature of physical education.
- Develop an appreciation of physical activity as a lifelong pursuit and a means to improve health.
- Develop muscular strength, endurance, flexibility and agility, all through correct exercises, appropriate to age, gender and physical fitness.
- Improve heart health and with aerobics increase lung capacity.
- Work as components of a team, showing them how to work together successfully to reach a goal.
- Encourage a sense of fair play, as well as a conscience and sensitivity towards others, create lovers of friendly sport, where rules are respected and no cheating is done.
- Learn to perform the necessary stretches correctly and safely, before beginning any type of training.
- Improve the sense of responsibility, not only with school tasks, but also with their own well-being, since physical education seeks to increase self-esteem through the progressive improvement of physical condition, which implies a greater knowledge of how one's own works Body, from the metabolism, to the ideal hours of physical activity.
- Through participation in classroom interactions, work practices, sports activities, recreation and other physical activities, students develop and practice these skills. Students who possess solid self-management skills are better able to identify and avoid potential health risks, improve their mental health and well-being, and plan their future.
- Publisher team. (2017). "What are four objectives of physical education?" Retrieved from reference.com.
- Lee Senior High School. (2002). "Physical Education". Retrieved from midlandisd.net.
- Publisher team at Mount Union University. (2017). "Physical education learning objectives". Retrieved from mountunion.edu.
- Bookwalter, K. (2013). "The Objectives of Physical Education"(pages 25-55). Retrieved from tandfonline.com.
- Team Preserve Editor Articles. (2017). "14 essential aims and objectives of Physical Education". Retrieved from preservearticles.com.
- International Baccalaureate Publishing Team. (2007). "Physical Education & Health". Retrieved from yayoi.senri.ed.jp.
- Editorial team of University of Southern California. (2017). "Physical Education Learning Objectives". Retrieved from dornsife.usc.edu.