The Central countries Or developed dominate the world economic, political and cultural system, being influential in different areas or in them, which means a power struggle between them. These countries exert a cultural imperialism on their periphery, which develops in the likeness of the center.
The main theoretician of the system-world analysis was Immanuel Wallerstein, who established in his works that states are divided into central and peripheral. The center-periphery and industry-agriculture models explain that developed societies are the center of their less developed neighbors, which are the periphery, that is, their development is conditioned to the development of the center.
Wallerstein criticized the classic North-South model and developed his theory, which also points out that there are countries that are polluteriferous, whose modernity depends on the central countries and is not produced by them, despite the fact that their economy is developed.
Top 20 top central countries
Germany, leader of the European Union, is the second largest migratory destination in the world after the United States. It is a leader in science and technology in the world and has the third largest annual budget of any state.
German technology is synonymous with quality. Its social security system is one of the best in the world. It is the fourth economy of the Earth and the first one of Europe.
Australia is the richest country in Oceania and is the sixth largest country in the world. Previously it was colony of the United Kingdom and today it is member of Commonwealth of Nations.
The nation ranked second in the Human Development Index 2005, ranked sixth in the quality of life index of The Economist In 2005 and is considered one of the freest economies with better business climates.
Austria is a Central European state with a population of 8.5 million people. The capital of Austria, Vienna, has a population of 1.79 million people. It is one of the richest countries in the world. Its per capita income in 2014 was € 38,500. It has one of the highest human development indices and minimum unemployment.
Austria has been a member of the European Union since 1995 and is the founder of the OECD. Germany is its main trading partner.
4- Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a Middle Eastern country and its form of government is absolute monarchy. It is the largest exporter of crude oil in the world, being the leading producer of OPEC. The Saudi economy is the ninth in the world.
Its inflation is 5%. It ranks seventeen in the Global Competitiveness Index and its economic surplus has reached up to 82 billion dollars.
The multilingual state of Belgium is a member of the European Union. Its capital is Brussels and is a densely populated country. It owes its name to Gallia Belgica, where the Belgian Celtic tribes lived. It is one of the most industrialized countries in the world and ranked ninth in the 2005 United Nations Human Development Index.
Canada, in North America, is a federal parliamentary monarchy member of Commonwealth of Nations. Its capital is Ottawa.
It is the second largest country in the world and occupies almost half of the territory of North America. Canada has a high per capita income and a mixed economy. His policy of multiculturalism has allowed him to capture many of the best professionals in the world. Its largest partners are the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan.
Qatar is an Arab state located in Asia, whose national income depends mainly on natural gas and oil exports. It is estimated that the country's oil reserves are 15 billion barrels (2.4 km³), which would last at least 37 years.
Natural gas reserves are almost 26 trillion cubic meters, or 14% of the world total and the third largest reserve in the world. The standard of living of the Catamarans is comparable to that of European nations. Its per capita GDP is the highest in the world.
8- South Korea
The Republic of Korea or South Korea is one of the most developed countries in Asia. It is a technological power, whose economy developed rapidly in the decade of the 50.
At present it is the thirteenth economy by GDP of the world. It is considered one of the best communicated countries, since its population occupies the third place in users of Internet of broadband. It is one of the world's leading producers of home appliances, especially mobile phones.
Its infrastructure is one of the most developed in the world. It is the world leader in shipbuilding and its Hyundai Heavy Industries company stands out.
The kingdom of Denmark is the southernmost country in the Nordic countries and a member of the European Union. Its capital is Copenhagen on the island of Zealand. It is the least corrupt country in the world and with the happiest inhabitants because of the favorable conditions to live.
Due to its lack of natural minerals and gases, Denmark is engaged in agricultural activity, fishing and naval industry. Since the signing of the Kanslergade agreement, the country has pushed industrialization and established a state of well-being and universal access to services.
Slovakia is a member of the European Union and its capital is Bratislava. The Carpathian Mountains occupy much of the country and are a great tourist attraction. Slovakia is today a great automotive power, as many factories have moved to this country.
The cost of living is lower than that of the more developed countries in Europe and its tax burden is lower, making the country an attractive investment destination. The pace of economic growth has increased in recent years.
The People's Republic of China is the most populous country in the world and the world's leading economic power by GDP according to purchasing power parity. The one-party model of the People's Republic of China practices in its economy the capitalist economic model and in a communist or socialist model in political affairs.
It is a member of multilateral organizations such as the UN, the WTO, the BRICS, APEC, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the G20, where it plays a very important role. China is an emerging superpower and is a central country in Asian geopolitics and the Pacific Ocean.
The Kingdom of Spain is a transcontinental country member of the European Union and is a parliamentary monarchy. It occupies most of the Iberian peninsula and is considered the twelfth world economic power.
Previously its economic situation was better, but it worsened after the European economic crisis. Traditionally it has been an agricultural country, although today tourism and other economic areas play a very important role.
On the cultural level, Spain plays a central role in the development of its former colonies. Institutions such as Spanish co-operation play an important role in all their former colonial societies in the development of cultural proposals.
13- United States
The United States of America is the most important and major driving force of cultural imperialism. Its economy is the richest in the world along with that of China. The US financial system plays a leading role in the global financial system.
It is the largest in the world in nominal terms, with a GDP of 15.7 trillion dollars. It is the main force of the globe, leader in scientific research and technological innovation in the nineteenth century. It is the main industrial country, its public and private institutions of higher education are among the most competitive in the world.
Finland is a Nordic country, member of the European Union, with borders with Sweden, Russia and Norway. Helsinki is its capital. Finland is the sixth largest country in Europe and its population density is 15.5 inhabitants per km².
Finland has one of the best education systems in the world, and its social security system is one of the most developed in the world.
France, a member of the European Union, is a semi-presidentialist republic. It is the sixth economy in the world and its cultural influence in the international context is wide. He is a member of the G8 and many other multinational organizations.
Leader in various segments of the industry; Such as fashion, the primary sector and tourism. France is the first tourist destination in the world, especially Paris. The French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen have played a major role in world history.
Member of the United Nations and the Security Council and one of the eight recognized nuclear powers. France plays an important role in the development of its former colonies, with which it maintains a narrow economic and cultural link.
Greece is a member of the European Union. Despite the economic crisis that this country has faced in recent years, its cultural and economic influence in the world is important.
Its classic legacy, Ancient Greece, is considered the cradle of Western society and that is why millions of tourists still visit the city of Athens where democracy was born or the city of Olympia, birthplace of the Olympic Games. Greece is also the cradle of literature, history, politics and other sciences.
Ireland is an island country, whose capital is Dublin, located to the east of the island. The Republic of Ireland is one of the richest countries in the world in per capita income. In 2008 the financial crisis and the global economic crisis halted its rapid economic growth.
In 2011 and 2013, Ireland ranked seventh most developed nations in the UN Human Development Index. The Irish Republic in the area of economic freedom, politics and the press occupies one of the first places in the world. He is the founder of the Council of Europe and the OECD. He is not a member of NATO and follows an anti-militarist policy of non-alignment.
Iceland is an island country whose territory consists of a plateau with deserts, mountains, glaciers and glacial rivers. Their taxes are low compared to other members of the OECD, health care is universal and higher education is free for its citizens. It has become one of the richest countries, and in 2009 was ranked as the third most developed country in the world by the UN.
Israel is the most developed country in Southwest Asia in the economic and industrial fields. Its capital, seat of government and largest city is Jerusalem; Its main economic center is Tel Aviv-Yafo and its industrial center is Haifa.
It has the highest index of ease of doing business in the region, according to the World Bank. It is the second largest number of Startup companies in the world and the largest number of non-US companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
As early as 2014 it was the economy number 39 in GDP. A member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, its policy plays a key role in the stability of the region.
20- United Kingdom
The United Kingdom, located northwest of Continental Europe, is the fifth world economy and was the first industrialized country in the world, thanks to the industrial revolution that began in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Its importance diminished due to the cost of world wars. After the fall of colonialism, the United Kingdom has maintained a close relationship with its former colonies that today have become central countries.
The UK has significant economic, cultural, and political influence. He is a member of the Security Council, the G8, NATO, UKUSA, the Common Travel Area. Not so long ago, the UK made the decision to leave the European Union, which could bring consequences to its international status.