The Ecuadorian poets Most recognized were some of the most influential writers of the twentieth century, who found in the contrast of political and social problems with the beauty of their country a stronghold to write.
These writers, each with its own message to convey, come from such diverse backgrounds ranging from elites to impoverished classes.
Some of the most recognized poets date from the early twentieth century or even earlier. Some of them have been recognized as some of the most important Latin poets along with Jorge Luis Borges , Pablo Neruda Y Octavio Paz .
Today many of the authors of this genre still talk about the beauty of Ecuador and the marked inequalities observed in many other Latin American countries.
The main Ecuadorian poets
Gonzalo Escudero, born in Quito on September 28, 1903 and died in Brussels on December 10, 1971, was an Ecuadorian poet and diplomat.
He was the son of politician Manuel Eduardo Escudero and Elina Moscoso Dalgo. As a curiosity, at the age of 15 he obtained the first place in the National Poetry Contest with his poem The Poems of Art .
Shortly afterwards, he received his doctorate in jurisprudence from the Central University of Ecuador. He was distinguished as professor of international law at the University of Quito.
In addition, he served as Minister of Education, Secretary of the Chamber and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as ambassador to several South American nations between 1956 and 1965.
Among his most outstanding work are Introduction to death Of 1930, Hurricane and Sun Propellers Of 1933, Itanoche Of 1947, Statue of Air Of 1951, Angel stuff Of 1953, Self-portrait Of 1957, and Requiem for light 1971.
His work is defined as highly avant-garde with a marked influence of modernism. It has characteristic rhythms and musicalities that separate it from other poets.
Karina Gálvez, born on July 7, 1964 in Guayaquil, is an Ecuadorian-American poet.
He resided in the state of California in the United States from 1985 to 2012 and has since lived in Ecuador. He studied Economics at the Catholic University of Santiago de Guayaquil and obtained a degree in Tourism and Real Estate from the California Travel School. He also speaks English, French, Italian, German and Portuguese.
His first book Poetry and songs Was published in 1995 and contains both Spanish and English versions of his poems.
A selection of his poems was included in the anthology of New Poetry and Hispanic American Narrative of the XXI Century Published in Spain . Another of its well-known productions is the poetry in prose denominated Ecuador that hurts .
His poems have been translated into English, Romanian, Bulgarian, Czech and Slovak. Each of his writings has a romantic tone and easy to read.
Likewise, common themes include love and odes to Guayaquil and California. He has also written several poems and writings aimed at a children's audience as La Estrellita del Sur Y There was once a duck.
3 - José Joaquín de Olmedo
José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri, born in Guayaquil on March 20, 1780 and died in the same city on February 19, 1847, was a President of Ecuador and a poet.
It was the son of the Spanish captain Don Miguel de Olmedo and Troyano and the Guayaquileña Ana Francisca de Maruri and Salavarría.
During his life he dedicated himself to the creation of novels, sonatas, poems, among others. The common theme of his productions was patriotism.
Among his most recognized works are I sing to Bolivar , Winner in Miñarica Y To General Flores . Also designed flag Y The shield of Guayaquil And composed the lyrics of his hymn. In 1848 it was published Poetic Works , A collection of his works.
Jorge Carrera Andrade
Jorge Carrera Andrade, born in Quito on September 18, 1903 and died in the same city on November 7, 1978, was an Ecuadorian poet, historian and diplomat.
He studied Philosophy and Letters in Spain and later studied Foreign Relations in France. He served as consul and ambassador to numerous countries in America, Asia and Europe.
His career in literature includes works in a variety of genres including poetry, criticism, translation and editing.
In 1922 he published Ineffable Pond With themes alluding to nature. Another of his most notable works is The Garland of Silence Of 1926 in which it maintains in a line in which it alludes to subjects more terrestrial and small in comparison to other more transcendental and political of other authors of the time.
The beheaded generation
The so-called"Decapitated Generation"was formed by a group of young Ecuadorian writers during the first two decades of the twentieth century.
It was composed by Ernesto Noboa and Caamaño, Humberto Fierro, Medardo Angel Silva and Arturo Borja. These poets were grouped under this name because all died at an early age due to causes of suicide or reasons that could not be clearly established.
The term was coined by journalists and historians who noticed the similarities in the verses composed by these artists.
5- Ernesto Noboa and Caamaño
Ernesto Noboa y Caamaño, born in Guayaquil on August 2, 1889 and died in Quito on December 7, 1927, was an Ecuadorian poet. Noboa and Caamaño came from a wealthy family in the city of Guayaquil. During his childhood he suffered constant neuroses that were placated with morphine.
All his work was collected in a book titled Romanza of the hours, Published in 1922. Vesperal Emotion Is one of his most recognized poems and marks a new era in the composition of this genre in Ecuador.
Before his death was in preparation a book called The Shadow of the Wings That never came to see the light. His delicate and precise poetry shows marked influences of Baudelaire, Samain and Verlaine.
6- Humberto Fierro
Humberto Fierro, born in Quito in 1890 and died in the same city on August 23, 1929, was an Ecuadorian poet. Fierro came from a wealthy family, son of Enrique Fierro Rosero and Amalia Jarrín Zapata.
In 1919, Fierro published his first book entitled The lute in the valley And his second book Palatal evening Came to be published until 1949, 20 years after his death. His inspiration came from the reading of such authors as Baduelaire, Rimbaud, Verlaine and Hugo.
7- Medardo Ángel Silva
Medardo Ángel Silva, born in Guayaquil on June 8, 1898 and died in the same city on June 10, 1919, was an Ecuadorian poet.
Silva was from a working-class family. Nevertheless, he attended a prestigious school during his childhood and came to work in the newspaper"El Telégrafo"of the city.
Like the other so-called members of the"Decapitated Generation,"Fierro was widely influenced by the modernist movement of Rubén Darío and the romantic French poetry of the nineteenth century.
His poems have in common a fantasy and at the same time fascination with death. He used some pseudonyms like"Jean d'Agreve"and"Oscar Rene"for his literary work that was to be published posthumously.
His only published works in life were the poems of The Tree of Good and Evil Of 1918 and the novel Maria Jesus Of 1919. A selection made by Gonzalo Zaldumbique and called Selected poetry Was published in Paris in 1926.
One of his best-known poems, The soul on the lips , Was popularized by the song of Julio Jaramillo that uses its verses
8- Arturo Borja
Arturo Borja Pérez, born in Quito in 1892 and died in the same city on November 13, 1912, was an Ecuadorian poet.
Of high birth, Borja was a direct descendant of Juan de Borja, III Duke of Gandia, grandson of Pope Alexander VI, and Enríquez de Luna, granddaughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon. His father, Luis Felipe Borja Perez, sent him to Paris for medical problems with his eye and it was there where he acquired French.
His direct inspirations were the verses of Verlaine, Mallarmé, Rimbaud, Samain and Baudelaire. Borja contracted marriage with Carmen Rosa Sánchez Destroys the 15 of October of 1912, less than a month previous to its suicide. He maintained friendship with Humberto Fierro and Ernesto Noboa Caamaño. He died of an overdose of morphine.
His poetic production was not extensive but each work was of very good quality. Twenty poems were published in a book called The Onyx Flute , And six other poems were to be published posthumously. Each poem was marked by remarkable melancholy and a yearning for death.
His poem, For me your memory , Was converted into a popular corridor by composer Miguel Ángel Casares Viteri and played by Carlorta Jaramillo.
- Technical University of Loja. Basic Library of Ecuadorian Authors. GONZALO ESCUDERO. [Online] December 2, 2015. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] autoresecuadorianos.utpl.edu.ec.
- Biographies and Lives. Ernesto Noboa Caamaño. [Online] 2004. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] biografiasyvidas.com.
- -. Humberto Fierro. [Online] 2004. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] biografiasyvidas.com.
- -. Medardo Ángel Silva. [Online] 2004. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/s/silva_medardo.htm.
- History. Biography of Arturo Borja. [Online] November 24, 2014. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] lhistoria.com/biografias/arturo-borja.
- Gálvez, Karina. Official site. Biography. [Online] 2017. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] karinagalvez.com.
- SearchBiografías.com. José Joaquín Olmedo. [Online] [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] buscabiografias.com.
- Biographies and Lives. Jorge Carrera Andrade. [Online] 2004. [Quoted on: March 13, 2017.] biografiasyvidas.com.