The Temperate climate crops Are usually found in places where there are no extremes in temperature and precipitation of rain and snow. The changes between summer and winter are generally revitalizing without being overly extreme.
In a warm temperate climate the warmer temperature is higher than 10 ° C while the coldest month oscillates around 18 ° C and -3 ° C. However, in a cold temperate climate the warmer temperature is below 10 ° C and the coldest month is around -3 ° C.
Here is a list of the five most common temperate climate crops that can be found.
The 5 types of temperate climate crop
1- Growing corn
Maize crops around the world have different production cycles when it comes to planting and harvesting times. In turn, the analysis of the corn market requires an understanding of the times of sowing and harvesting within each territory.
Grain prices tend to fluctuate more during growing seasons, as supply expectations may change significantly as a result of planted area, climate, and growing conditions.
In the United States, most of the corn crop grows through the fertile plains of the Midwest, which is an incredibly important crop around the world.
And although it is a staple, in the United States, the world's largest producer and exporter, maize is the main ingredient in the production of ethanol, a substitute for gasoline.
That means our cars depend on this corn for fuel. Therefore, the price of corn may be sensitive to the price of crude oil and petroleum products.
Each year the annual maize crop determines the price of the grain, which varies according to the climate. In fact, farmers often use the futures market to cover the price of corn throughout the growth process.
Other factors contributing to maize price volatility are ethanol prices, crop yields in other producing countries, and the relative value of the US dollar.
Usually, a priori, the more southern areas begin to plant maize, and the northernmost regions do so when the snow melts and the soil thaws. In this line, the main areas of cultivation of the world are the following:
The United States with 39 percent of world production, its planting begins in April and continues until June. Its harvest takes place in October and ends at the end of November.
China, with 21 percent of world production, its planting begins in mid-March until early June. Picking up the harvest from August to October.
The European Union, holds 8 percent of the world's production and carries out its planting from mid-April to early June. The harvest, however, is collected from August to the end of October.
Brazil, has 6 percent of world production, plant from the beginning of August until November and picks up from February to May.
Argentina, with 3 percent of world production, plant from October to November and picks up from March to May.
2- Wheat cultivation
Wheat crops grow around the world and have unique production cycles when it comes to planting and harvesting seasons.
Grain prices tend to fluctuate more during the growing season, as supply expectations may change significantly due to planted area, climate and growing conditions.
In the United States and China there are two seasonal wheat crops: spring wheat and winter wheat.
Winter wheat accounts for almost three-quarters of total United States production. Specifically, North Dakota accounts for more than half of all spring wheat in the United States.
The largest producing states of winter wheat are Kansas, Texas, and Washington. The seasonal calendar for the sowing and harvesting of wheat crops worldwide in the major producing nations is:
The United States, with 8 percent of world production, plants winter wheat from mid-August to October, harvesting from mid-May to mid-July.
In contrast, spring wheat is sown from April to May, harvested from mid-August to mid-September.
China has a 18 percent of world production and collects its winter wheat from mid-September to mid-October. Its harvested harvest takes place from mid-May to June.
On the other hand, sows its spring wheat from mid-March to April, harvested from mid-July to mid-August.
Wheat is perhaps the most political product in the world because with it is made the most basic food, bread. While the United States is the world's largest producer and exporter of corn and soybeans, wheat production comes from all corners of the earth.
Apart from China and the United States as major producers, the European Union, India, Russia, Canada, Pakistan, Australia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan are also important producers of grain consumed worldwide.
Global population increases in recent decades have caused an increasing demand for wheat. If in 1960, there were three billion people on planet Earth, in 2016, there are more than 7.2 billion.
Every year the world requires more bread and this increases world demand for wheat. That is the essence of its role as the most political commodity.
Below is a list of foods that can also be found in the Temperate climate crops .
3- Growing barley
Barley is a sturdy cereal grown in a series of environments where other grains can not grow - from arctic latitudes and alpine altitudes to saline desert oases.
Barley is the fourth largest cereal crop in the world after wheat, maize and rice. Although generally a temperate climate cereal, barley is also grown in many tropical countries, typically poor farmers in hostile, dry, and cool environments.
Developing countries account for approximately 18 per cent of global production and 25 per cent of the area harvested from barley.
4- Growing Tomatoes
Tomatoes are easy to grow and are becoming an increasingly popular crop. Most tomatoes are plants of warm temperate climates.
The tolerance of tomato temperature for extreme heat or cold climates is of extreme importance in the development of flowers and fruit. If the sun is shining then the sun will rise, the sun will shine, and the sun will rise again in the spring.
In addition, when the nights become too hot, the pollen grains of the tomato flower begin to explode, frustrating pollination. This also occurs when the air is saturated with relative humidity.
5- Growing onions
Onion is one of the most important commercial vegetables in the world. It is used both in mature and mature bulb phase as well as vegetable and species.
The pungency in the onion is due to a volatile oil known as allyl-proopyldisulfide. The onion bulb consists of the swollen bases of green foliage leaves and fleshy scales.
The onion is a crop of temperate climates and is grown during the winter and before the actual heat season begins. The onion can be grown in a wide range of climatic conditions although better harvests are not achieved in a mild season without extremes of heat or cold.
- Kowalski, C. (2017). Corn Planting and Harvest Seasons. 10-2-2017, from thebalance.com Website: thebalance.com.
- Farm Journal, Inc.. (2017). Corn News & Future Prices. 10-2-2017, from AG Web Website: agweb.com.
- Kowalski, C. (2017). Planting and harvest seasons. 10-2-2017, from thebalance.com Website: thebalance.com.
- Crop Trust. (2016). Barley. 10-2-2017, from croptrust.com Website: croptrust.org.
- Grant, A. (2015). Tomato crops. 10-2-2017, from gardeningknowhow.com Website: gardeningknowhow.com.
- Agro Info Editors. (2015). Cultivation of Onion (Allium cepa). 10-2-2017, from AgriInfo.in Website: agriinfo.in.