The Most famous physicists Of history have this recognition due to the magnificent contributions that have resulted from their research and theories, without which the world would not be as we know it today.
Einstein, Hawking, Volta or Curie are perhaps the best known to the general public, but there are many more that had and continue to have a fundamental importance in physics and everything that derives from it.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized his knowledge in the field of Physics and research on the interactions between matter and energy in the universe. The study and practice of this area of knowledge is based on an intellectual ladder with advances ranging from ancient times to the present.
Of course, many of these physicists are considered as some of the Best scientists in history .
The 29 most recognized physicists in history
1- Murray Gell-Mann
Born on September 15, 1929 in New York, he is an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on elementary particle theory. He obtained his degree as a physicist from Yale University in 1948 and his doctorate in 1951 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
2- John Cockcroft
Born on May 27, 1897 and died on September 18, 1967, he was a British physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1951 along with Ernest Walton for the division of the atomic nucleus and its role in the development of nuclear energy.
Born on 18 December 1856 and died on 30 August 1940, he was a British physicist. He was elected a member of the Royal Society of London and Professor of Experimental Physics at the Cavendish Laboratory of the University of Cambridge in 1884. In 1897, Thomson discovered that cathode rays were composed of negatively charged particles and had a lower weight than Of the atoms.
4- Guglielmo Marconi
First Marquess of Marconi, born April 25, 1874 and died on July 20, 1937, was an inventor and Italian electrical engineer known for his work in radio transmission of long distance, for his development of the Law of Marconi And the radio-telegraph system. In 1909 he shared the Nobel Prize in physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun for his contribution to the development of wireless telegraphy.
5- Francis Crick
Born on June 8, 1916 and died on July 28, 2004, he was a British biologist, biophysicist and neuroscientist known to discover along with James Watson in 1953 the structure of the DNA molecule. In 1962 together with Watson and Maurice Wilkins, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries in the molecular structure of nucleic acids and their importance for the transmission of information in living material.
6- C.V. Raman
Born on November 7, 1888 and died on November 21, 1970, he was an Indian physicist born in the province of Tamil Nadu. His revolutionary work in the field of light scattering earned him the Nobel Prize in physics in 1930. He discovered that when light passes through a transparent material, some of the light that passes through it changes its wavelength.
7- Arthur Compton
Born on September 10, 1892 and died on March 15, 1962, he was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his discovery in 1923 of the Compton Effect, which demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation.
8- Ernest Walton
Born October 6, 1903 and died on June 25, 1995, he was an Irish physicist who received the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with John Cockroft, becoming the first person ever to artificially break the atom.
9- Max Born
Born on December 11, 1882 and died on January 5, 1970, he was a German mathematician and physicist who played a key role in the development of quantum mechanics. He also made notable contributions in solid-state physics and in the field of optics. In 1954 he won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his fundamental contribution in the development of Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function.
10- Alessandro Volta
Born on February 18, 1745 and died on March 5, 1827, he was an Italian chemist and physicist and pioneer in the investigation of electricity and energy. He is credited as the inventor of the electric battery and the discoverer of methane. He invented the Voltaica heap in 1799 and reported his findings to the Royal Society of London for the Advancement of Natural Science.
11- Enrico Fermi
Born on 29 September 1901 and died on November 28, 1954, he was an Italian physicist, creator of the first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has also been termed as the"architect of the nuclear age"and the"architect of the atomic bomb". In 1938 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on radioactivity induced by neutron bombardment and by the discovery of transuranic elements.
Born in 287 BC and died in 212 BC, he was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor and astronomer. He is known to be one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. He managed to anticipate notions of modern calculus and analysis by applying infinitesimal concepts and the exhaustive method to test the range of various geometrical theorems. One of his best known contributions in physics is that of the Archimedes Principle.
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13- Heinrich Hertz
Born on February 22, 1857 and died on January 1, 1894, it was a German physicist who was able to conclusively verify the existence of the electromagnetic waves that were theorized by the light electromagnetic theory of James Clerk Maxwell. The frequency unit, cycles per second, was named"Hertz"in honor of this scientist.
14- Nikola Tesla
Born on July 10, 1856 and died on January 7, 1943, he was an inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist and futurist Serb-American. He is known for his contributions to the design of the modern system of energy supply through alternating current (AC). In 1960, the General Conference of Weights and Measures named the unit of magnetic flux density as"Tesla"in his honor.
15- James Chadwick
Born October 20, 1891 and died on July 24, 1974, he was an English physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932.
16- Paul Dirac
Born August 8, 1902 and died on October 20, 1984, he was an English physicist who conducted research that contributed to the early development of quantum mechanics and electrodynamics. Dirac shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933 together with Erwin Schrödinger for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory.
17- Werner Heisenberg
Born on December 5, 1901 and died on February 1, 1976, he was a German physicist and one of the developers of quantum mechanics. In 1927 he published his Uncertainty Principle Which is the production by which it is best known. In 1932 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the creation of quantum mechanics.
18- Marie Curie
Born on November 7, 1867 and died on July 4, 1934, she was a Polish physicist and naturalized French chemist who is known for her work in radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person to win it twice and the only one to win a Nobel Prize in two different categories (Physics and Chemistry).
19- James Clerk Maxwell
Born on 13 June 1831 and died on 5 November 1879, he was a Scottish scientist who developed his work in the field of physics-mathematics. His most notable work is in the formulation of electromagnetic radiation theory.
20- Max Planck
Born April 23, 1858 and died on October 4, 1947, he was a German theoretical physicist whose work in quantum theory revolutionized the way atomic and subatomic processes were understood. In 1918 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
21- Ernest Rutherford
Born on 30 August 1871 and died on 19 October 1937, he was a New Zealander physicist who is credited as the father of nuclear physics. He discovered the concept of radioactive half-life which is the basis for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1908.
22- Michael Faraday
Born on 22 September 1791 and died on 25 August 1867, he was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. Among its advances are the principles of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.
23- Erwin Schrödinger
Born on August 12, 1887 and died on January 4, 1961, he was an Austrian physicist whose work in quantum theory is the basis of wave mechanics. He is known for his experimental approach known as the Cat of Schrödinger. In 1933 he is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
24- Richard Feynman
Born on May 11, 1918 and died on February 15, 1988, he was an American physicist whose work focused on the formulation of integral pathways of quantum mechanics and the physics of superfluids of liquid helium, among many others. In 1965 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics along with Julian Schwinger and Sin'ichuro Tomonaga.
25- Galileo Galilei
Born on February 15, 1564 and died on January 8, 1642, he was an Italian scholar whose work covered astronomy, physics, philosophy and mathematics. It played a fundamental role in the scientific revolution of century XVII. Its most important contribution is the development of the concept of heliocentrism as opposed to the geocentrism that reigned at the time.
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26- Stephen Hawking
Born on January 8, 1942, he is an English physicist and cosmologist. He is currently the Director of Research at the Center for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. One of his best known works is that of predicting the emission of radiation by black holes, often known as Hawkins Radiation.
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27- Niels Bohr
Born on 7 October 1885 and died on 18 November 1962, he was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to the understanding of atomic structure and quantum theory. Bohr developed the Bohr model of the atom, in which electrons are arranged in energy levels as orbits around the nucleus. In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
28- Isaac Newton
Born on December 25, 1642 and died on March 20, 1727, he was a mathematician, astronomer and English physicist who is acknowledged to be one of the most influential scientists at the time of the scientific revolution.
Your book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), published in 1687, laid the foundations of classical mechanics. The principles formulated there on the laws of movement and universal gravity have dominated the scientific landscape for the 3 centuries following his death.
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29- Albert Einstein
Born March 14, 1879 and died on April 18, 1955, was a theoretical physicist of German origin. He is recognized for developing the general theory of relativity which forms the basis of modern physics along with quantum mechanics.
Its most popular advancement is the formula of equivalence between mass and energy (E = mc2). In 1921 he is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, in particular for his discovery of the law of photoelectric effect.
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