There are famous horses in the history of mankind who have stood out for their performance in careers, war or because their performance highlights them in any area of society.
Phar Lap (October 4, 1926 - April 5, 1932) was a thoroughbred racing horse whose achievements were admired by the public during the Great Depression. He was born in New Zealand and raised in Australia by Harry Telford. He won many of the cups in Australia and covirtió in the third horse that won the most bets at the time. After a mysterious and sudden illness, he died in 1932 (1).
John Henry (March 9, 1975 to October 8, 2007) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States, which had a total of 39 victories which amounted to US $ 591,860 in earnings of the time. He managed to win a total of 7 Eclipse Prize for the horse of the year. He retired on June 21, 1985 after a tendon injury at age 10 (2).
War Admiral (May 2, 1934 - October 30, 1959) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. He is known to be the fourth winner of the American Triple Crown and Horse of the Year in 1937. His career that extended towards the end of the Great Depression left him a total of 21 of 26 innings with US winnings, 240 of the Season (3).
Affirmed (February 2, 1975 to January 12, 2001) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. He is known to be the 11th winner of the Triple Crown of American Thoroughbred Racing. His most fierce competitor was Alydar, with whom he came to compete on 10 occasions (4).
Barbaro (April 29, 2003 - January 29, 2007) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. He was the winner of the Kentucky Derby in 2006, but he smashed his leg two weeks later at the 2006 Preakness Stakes. This injury ended his career and eventually led to his death (5).
Smarty Jones (February 28, 2001) is a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. He finished second in the Belmont Stakes on June 5, 2004. He is a descendant of other racehorses such as Mr. Prospector, Secretariat, War Admiral, among others. In 2015 he became the winner of the Triple Crown after his win at the Belmont Stakes (6).
Secretariat (March 30, 1970 to October 4, 1989) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. In 1973, he became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years. The record at Belmont Stakes is known as one of the great races of all time. During his career he won 5 Eclipse Awards including Horse of the Year. He was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1974 (7).
Citation (April 11, 1945 - August 8, 1970) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. He was the eighth winner of the Triple Crown and one of three American horses to win at least 16 consecutive races in major competitions. It is considered as the first horse in history to generate betting winnings of US'000,000 (8).
Seacbiscuit (May 23, 1933 - May 17, 1947) was a thoroughbred racing horse from the United States. Being a small horse, its beginning in the races was quite dubious. However, he managed to become a champion and attracted public attention during the Great Depression. It has been the subject of many books and films, among which stand out the 2003 film Seabiscuit , Nominated to an Academy Award for Best Picture (9).
Man O 'War
Man O 'War (March 29, 1917 - November 1, 1947) was a Thoroughbred racing horse from the United States, considered one of the greatest of its kind in all times. During his career that began after World War I, Man O 'War managed to win 20 of 21 races with a total of US, 465 for the season (10).
Babieca was the war horse of El Cid (Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar), who was a member of the nobility and military leader of medieval Spain. According to one of the stories, Rodrigo's grandfather, Pedro El Grande, let him choose a horse as a gift. He chose the weakest of the horses to which the grandfather replied: Babieca! Another version says it was a gift from King Sancho to the knight (11).
Bucephalus (335 BC - 326 BC) was the horse that accompanied Alexander the Great. One story tells that he died after the Battle of Hispades in what is now Pakistan, and is buried in Jalalpur Sharif on the outskirts of Jhelum. Another version tells that Bucephalus is buried in Phalia, a village in the district of Mandi Bahauddin in Pakistan (12).
Chetak was Maharana Pratap's horse and was riding during the Battle of Haldighati on June 21, 1576, where he died. This horse was of race Kathiawari and is said that had a blue tint in its coat (13).
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Llamrei was a mare belonging to King Arthur according to the Welsh history"Culhwch and Olwen". Near Llyn Barfog in Wales, there is a rock with a hoof mark allegedly attributed to Llamrei when the King was capturing the terrible Addanc monster from the lake (14).
Marengo (1793 to 1831) was the famous horse of Napolón I of France. He was named after the Battle of Marengo, through which he led his rider. He also led the Emperor in the battles of Austerlitz, Jena-Auerstedt, Wagram and Waterloo. Its skeleton is preserved at the Army National Museum in Chelsea, London (15).
Matzukaze (Wind in the Pines) was the horse of Maeda Toshimasu, a famous Japanese samurai of the periods Sengoku and Edo. According to legend, this one was raised from the finest horses and refused to be allowed to ride by anyone. Toshimasu was the only one who managed to tame the horse (16).
Tencendur or Tencendor was the horse of war of the King Charlemagne that used according to the epic poem, the Song of Roldán. The King obtained this horse by defeating and killing Malpalin of Narbonne (17).
Palomo was the horse of the South American liberator Simón Bolívar. He accompanied him in his national liberation campaigns and was a gift from a woman from Santa Rosa de Viterbo, just before the Battle of Boyacá, Colombia in 1819. The horse was white, tall and with a tail that reached the ground in agreement With descriptions of the time. His horseshoes are in the museum of Mulaló in Tumbo, Colombia (18).
Copenhagen (1808 to February 12, 1836) was the war horse of the Duke of Wellington who rode in the famous Battle of Waterloo. This horse was a mixture of Thoroughbred and Arabian and was named in honor to the English victory in the Second Battle of Copenhagen (19).
Incitatus was the favorite horse of the Roman emperor Caligula. Its name is derived from the Latin that means"Impetuous". It is said that this horse had a stable made of marble, with an ivory feeder, purple sheets and a necklace made of precious stones (20).
Burmese (1962 to 1990) was a service horse of the Mounted Police of Canada that was given to Queen Elizabeth II of England. He was mounted by the Queen for the Parade of the Standard for 18 consecutive years from 1969 to 1986. The queen unveiled a bronze statue in Regina, Canada where she can be seen riding on Burmese (21).
Muhamed was a German horse who supposedly was able to extract the cubic root of numbers, which he then pointed out by trampling his hooves. He was raised in the village of Elberfeld by Karl Krall in the 19th century. This horse was also known for making music and being able to distinguish between harmonic sounds and discords. Muhamed disappeared in World War I where he served as a pack animal (22).
Prometea, born May 28, 2003, a filly of the Haflinger breed, was the first cloned horse and the first to be born and be taken by the mother from which it was cloned. She was born with 36 kg of weight in a natural childbirth, after a full term pregnancy in Cremona, Italy. This birth marked the horse as the seventh species to be cloned (23).
Marocco (1586 to 1606), also known like the Horse of Banke, was a horse of presentations that lived between centuries XVI and XVII. This horse was described as small and muscular with great agility. He was particularly intelligent and easy to educate. Together with their owner William Banks they made presentations throughout Europe until 1605 (24).
Sampson was a shire horse from 1846 in Toddington Mills, Bedfordshire, England. It is known because he is the tallest and heaviest horse ever recorded, with 219 cm on his cross by the time he was 4 years old. His maximum weight was estimated at 1524 kg. He was castrated when he was a year and a half, and his testicles were the size of soccer balls (25).
Pegasus is one of the most well-known creatures in Greek mythology. It is described as a winged stallion usually white in color. His father was Poseidon and was raised by the Medusa Gorgon. It was Brother Crisaor, who were born at the same time when the head of his mother was beheaded by Perseus. Pegasus was the object of much of the iconography recorded in Greek paintings and vessels and in Renaissance sculptures (26).
Bamboo Harvester (1949 to 1970) was the name of the palomino horse that embodied Mister Ed in the comedy series from 1961 to 1966 of the same name. He was raised in El Monte, California and trained by Les Hilton. Two years after the show ended, this horse began to suffer from age-related evils until he died in 1970. There was a second horse that replaced him as Mr. Ed in some commercials (27).
Silver was as it was known to the horse that accompanied the protagonist in the series"The Lone Ranger"of 1949. At the beginning of each episode, the magnificent stallion was raised on its hind legs with the rider in its back and they took off to To run (28).
Tornado is the horse that rode the character of The Fox in many movies and books. Tornado is described as an Andalusian horse of black color, very intelligent and fast. In the original story of Isabel Allende, Tornado is given to Don Diego de la Vega on his return to California by his brother Bernardo (29).
Bullseye (Shot in White as it is known in Hispanic America) is the horse of Woody and one of the personages who were introduced in the movie Toy Story 2 of the house Pixar of Disney. Although shown as a horse, it actually acts like a dog. One of the best-known phrases in the movies is the one recited by Woody's character every time he rides his horse:"Run like the wind, Shooting the White."
- PharLap.com.au. THE PHAR LAP STORY. [Online] 2013. [Quoted on: January 16, 2017.] Taken from pharlap.com.au.
- The Horse. Legendary Racehorse John Henry Euthanatized at 32. [Online] October 8, 2007. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from thehorse.com.
- National Museum of Racing. War Admiral. [Online] 2016. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from racingmuseum.org.
- Mitchell, Ron. Blood Horse. Triple Crown Winner Affirmed Euthanized. [Online] January 12, 2001. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from bloodhorse.com.
- Fox News. Kentucky Derby Winner Barbaro Euthanized After Numerous Injuries. [Online] January 29, 2007. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from foxnews.com.
- Wilkinson, John. Horse Network. The Legend of Smarty Jones. [Online] 2016. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from horsenetwork.com.
- Secretariat.com. History. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from secretariat.com.
- Flatter, Ron. ESPN.com. Citation was the standard. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from espn.com.
- PBS.org. Biography: Seabiscuit. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from pbs.org.
- Schwartz, Larry. ESPN.com. Man o 'War came close to perfection. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from espn.com.
- Andalusian World. Do you know the legend of El Cid and his gray Andalusian Stallion, Babieca? [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from andalusianworld.com.
- Wasson, Donald. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Bucephalus. [Online] October 6, 2011. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from ancient.eu.
- India Opines. Lesser Known Facts About Chetak - The Brave Horse of Maharana Pratap. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from indiaopines.com.
- Sacred Texts. NOTES TO KILHWCH AND OLWEN. [Online] [Quote on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from sacred-texts.com.
- Hamilton, Jill. Marengo: The Myth of Napoleon's Horse. [Online] 2000. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from napoleon-series.org.
- Muza-Chan. Samurai story, Matsukaze, the famous Japanese horse. [Online] August 24, 2015. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from muza-chan.net.
- TimelessMyths.com. Life of Charlemagne. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from timelessmyths.com.
- Gluckstein, Fred. Phelp Sports. Simon Bolivar and His Horse. [Online] November 13, 2015. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from phelpssports.com.
- Number One London. Wonderful, Wonderful Copenhagen. . . [Online] May 28, 2010. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from onelondonone.blogspot.com.co.
- Reismiller, John. ArtByCrane. A Roman Emperor and His Favorite Horse. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] http://www.artbycrane.com/caligula_incinatus.html.
- Gluckstein, Fred. Phelps Sports. Queen Elizabeth II's Beloved Horse Burmese. [Online] September 4, 2012. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from phelpssports.com.
- Steiger, Brad. Horse Miracles: Inspirational True Stories of Remarkable Horses. Avon, MA: Adams Media, 2008.
- Daily Mail Reporter. Mail Online. [Online] April 30, 2008. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from dailymail.co.uk.
- Fudge, Erica. Brutal Reasoning: Animals, Rationality, and Humanity in Early Modern England. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006.
- Amelinckx, Andrew. Modern Farmer. Behold: The Biggest Horses in the World! [Online] December 14, 2015. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from modernfarmer.com.
- Theoi. Pegasus. [Online] [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from theoi.com.
- Stumptownblogger.com. THE MYSTERIOUS DEATH OF BAMBOO HARVESTER (MR ED). [Online] January 15, 2011. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from stumptownblogger.com.
- Lachno, James. The Telegraph. The Lone Ranger: 10 things you never knew. [Online] June 2, 2011. [Quoted on: January 15, 2017.] Taken from telegraph.co.uk.