The Peripheral countries Are a set of nationalities that have economic and social inequalities with respect to the territories of the center. The concept is synonymous with underdeveloped, or developing, or third world countries.
Most of these less Favored Have been colonies of some European empire, and throughout the twentieth century have been plagued by natural disasters and civil wars. At the same time, the political instability of these countries has not allowed them to develop.
The following list explains what some of these developing countries are and why they are still peripheral today.
25 peripheral countries of the world
1- Republic of Haiti
Despite being the first Latin American country to obtain its freedom and the second in the continent, after the United States, the Republic of Haiti is the poorest nationality of the American continent.
Its economy generated a GDP of 6,908 million dollars and a per capita income of 772 dollars in 2009. 80% of its population is poor and two thirds of it works in the agriculture and fishing sector.
Less than 2% of Haiti's territory is deserted due to intensive and uncontrolled deforestation. Devastating tropical storms, such as Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, have destroyed the country's meager infrastructures. In addition to suffering in 2010 an earthquake that destroyed its capital.
2- Burma or Myanmar
It is a Southeast Asian country and its economic situation is quite delicate. The main economic activity is agriculture, with 2/3 of the population dedicated to agriculture, representing 40% of GDP. Rice occupies half of the arable land.
3- The island of Vanuatu or Vanuatu
Located in the South Pacific Ocean, like other islands is strongly affected by climate change. Its economy is based on subsistence agriculture and 65% of the population work there.
This island receives most of its income thanks to fishing, registration of merchant marine vessels, the sale of international fishing licenses, the sale of off-shore banking licenses and the registration of international companies working under outsource model .
In Vanuatu, the government does not apply income tax and is therefore considered a tax haven. An earthquake in 1999 and 2002, along with a tsunami destroyed part of the island.
4- Tuvalu or Tuvalu
It is an island of Polynesia, whose closest neighbors are Kiribati, Samoa and Fiji. It is the second independent nation with fewer inhabitants.
The GDP of Tuvalu is USD 36 million, that is, the poorest country in the world. Citizens have a median income per year of $ 3,048. The economy of Tuvalu is weak and is based on subsistence agriculture and livestock raising for poultry and pigs.
The only product that exports is copra (coconut marrow). In general, their income depends on foreign investment and remittances.
It is a landlocked country in South Asia so its location limits its economy. It is a mountainous country and has some of the highest mountains on Earth, such as Mount Everest, which motivates tourism.
Half of Nepal's population is living in poverty. Their income per capita is only 240 dollars.
6- The Solomon Islands
They are a group of islands in Oceania and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Its territory is composed of more than 990 islands distributed in two archipelagos. Its population depends on subsistence fisheries, agriculture and forestry.
Government imports most manufactured goods and oil. The islands have riches such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold although the country's economic problems are due to a sharp decline in the timber industry.
7- The Republic of Kiribati
It is an island country in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australia. It is made up of 33 coral atolls and a volcanic island. Kiritimati or Christmas Island is the largest atoll in the world. Its capital is Tarawa South.
The country has few natural resources. Previously it was dedicated to trade with phosphate, Banaba Island and the export of coconut, which represented one of the biggest income of the country, coming to depend on the world demand of the fruit. Financial aid and trade with the UK and Japan are crucial for him. It is characterized by being overpopulated.
It is a bicontinental country, located between the Middle East and Africa. It shares borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman. Its capital is Sana'a and the current state was formed following the unification of the Arab Republic of Yemen (Northern Yemen) and the Democratic People's Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) in 1990. Since their union, the country has suffered civil wars.
1% of the surface of the country is irrigable, nevertheless it emphasizes the cultivation of grains and the cattle ranch of sheep. Oil and natural gas have recently been found, which could change the country's situation.
9- East Timor
It occupies the eastern half of the island of Timor. The country of 15,410 km2 has a population of over 1 million one hundred thousand inhabitants and most of them live in poverty.
Approximately 70% of East Timor's infrastructure was destroyed by Indonesian troops and anti-independence militias in 1999, preventing the territory from recovering from these events.
As a result, 260,000 people fled the country and became refugees. It is estimated that in 2002, 50,000 of them are still refugees. The country is trying to rebuild its infrastructure and strengthen its government administration.
It is a landlocked nationality in Asia. The country was the scene of several wars in the twentieth century and its relationship with its neighbors, Pakistan and Iran is not stable.
It is an extremely poor country and the majority of the population is engaged in agriculture growing cereals, cotton, fruit trees, nuts, and papaya. Sheep herding"karakul"and carpet crafts are other important activities.
It has minerals and resources such as natural gas. Today, this country has not been developed by wars, tribal conflicts and bad governments.
Located in West Africa, it is a tropical and sub-Saharan nation. Its population depends on agriculture, especially cotton that they exchange regionally with their neighboring countries. Foreign companies exploit the country's resources: oil, gold, marble and limestone.
With a population of 10.5 million, it is a landlocked country bordering Lake Tanganyika. It is one of the 10 poorest countries in the world with the second lowest GDP per capita in the world, after the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Due to corruption, poor access to education, civil wars and the effects of HIV / AIDS, the country has not been able to develop and has a high population density with substantial emigration. Its main resources are cobalt and copper, sugar and coffee.
13- The Union of Purchases
It is a country of three islands in Africa, whose economy is based on tourism, remittances, agriculture, fishing and forestry. Unemployment is high and the population lives in poverty. It is one of the poorest areas in Africa.
14- The Democratic Republic of Congo
Formerly known as Zaire, it is a nation with great natural resources, but increasingly poor since the 80s because of the First and Second Wars of the Congo.
The country's production and its state revenues have been reduced, increasing the external debt. Much of the population has died of famine and disease. It is the poorest country in the world and with the worst Human Development index.
It is a small country in the Horn of Africa. Its economy is mainly based on services and its status as a free trade zone allows it to attract many foreign investments, although due to its geography and limited natural resources the primary and secondary sectors do not develop.
Constant drought does not allow agriculture to expand and most foods are imported. As good data, the tourism sector is the most developed.
It is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second country in Africa in population density and its economy is based on agriculture, which represents 45% of the GDP. 90% of the exports and 80% of the workers are dedicated to it.
Coffee is the main product and is destined for export. Internationally, the price of coffee influences the economy of the country, since its agriculture is based on a single product.
It is a West African nation on the banks of the Gambia River that has no significant deposits or other natural resources. Its economy is based on agriculture and livestock for domestic consumption.
Its industry is focused on packaging agricultural production: peanut, cashew, and in fishing. Tourism is one of the main sources of income.
17- Guinea, Guinea-Conakry
It is a country in West Africa and one of the poorest territories in the world. Their economic situation depends on international aid. Its GDP has decreased by 16% in the last 30 years. Agriculture employs 80% of the labor force and its main products are cashew nuts and cotton.
18- The Republic of Liberia
It is located on the west coast of Africa which has suffered due to the long civil war. The country's economic infrastructure was destroyed and for a long time the territory has depended on foreign aid. The unemployment rate in Liberia is 88%, the second highest in the world, behind Zimbabwe.
20- Malawi or Malawi
Formerly known as Nyasaland. It is one of the least developed countries and its economy is based on agriculture. It is a densely populated country and almost 85% of the population lives in rural areas. 1/3 of GDP and 90% of exports come from agriculture.
The economy depends on contributions from the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and other nations, and government corruption in administering donated resources has resulted in subsidies being reduced, causing an 80 percent fall in the national budget.
21- Mali or Mali
It is the eighth largest country in Africa. Between 1992 and 1995, the government implemented an economic program that boosted economic growth and reduced negative balances. GDP has risen since then.
Located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, it is an island, which is maintained by tourism today.
Mauritania requires visas from tourists from all countries. This country does not have natural resources like minerals and its soil is not very good for agriculture either. Due to the European crisis, the number of tourists has declined.
It is a landlocked country in West Africa. The economic situation of Niger is one of the most precarious in the world and its economy is based on grazing and agriculture.
Uranium mining accounts for 31% of the country's income, including the world's third largest uranium producer. But this holding is run by foreign companies.
On the shores of the Indian Ocean, it is one of the poorest countries. Its highly indebted economy has been a major beneficiary of HIPC. Seventy per cent of the population lives in poverty.
It is a landlocked state. Rwanda is a country with low fiscal pressure, which has allowed it to attract foreign investment and has ensured the continent's highest growth.
The majority of the population work in subsistence agriculture. Its industry is divided into mineral production and processing of agricultural products. Tourism is the country's main source of income, along with mining.