The Authors of romance Major and most outstanding emerged in Europe at the end of the eighteenth century. They were the most important representatives and exponents of an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that reached its greatest splendor between the years 1800 and 1850.
The emphasis on emotion, individualism, as well as the glorification of the past and nature were characteristic features of this movement, which tended towards the medieval rather than the classical.
Its emergence can be considered a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the scientific rationalization of nature, and the aristocratic social rules during the Age of Enlightenment. Its most visible manifestations were in the visual arts, music and literature, although it also had an impact on historiography, education and the social sciences.
He shares his etymology with terms like romance and romance. In the middle of the eighteenth century, the term romantic had a similar meaning in both English and French (romantic versus romantique), both used to refer to the exaltation of natural phenomena such as landscapes and sunsets.
Romanticism extolled the figure of the hero or genius and emphasized his internal passions and challenges. The artist's conception as an extremely individualist creator whose creative spirit was more important than strict adherence to traditional rules and procedures was a hallmark of the period.
The movement arose in Germany, nevertheless they were authors Anglo-Saxons most prolific and celebrated during this period.
Who were the main exponents of Romanticism in English-speaking literature?
You may also like This list of western writers .
The main writers of Romanticism
1- Jane Austen
(1775-1817) Filled with comedy, romance, wit and satire, the six novels of this English author were also a striking reflection of the social and territorial situation that England lived in her time.
He began to write being very young, with the constant support and promotion of his family and friends. His first work, Sense and Sensibility (1811) took ten years to be published. He followed Pride and Prejudice Two years later, which according to her own work would be preferred. His last two works would be published after his death at age 41.
You can know more about the author by reading the article" Jane Austen's Top 51 Phrases ".
From left to right: William Blake, Charlotte Brontë and Emily Brontë
(1757-1827) This London author is known for being a poet, painter and original and creative thinker, but his work was virtually ignored while he lived. The third of six brothers, claimed to have been visited by bright angels in their childhood.
He designed a technique of visual poetry that combined his texts with illustrations of his own authorship. Among his works stand out The Marriage of Heaven and Hell and Songs of Innocence .
In" William Blake's Top 100 Phrases "You will know even better his work.
3- Charlotte Brontë
(1816-1855) Author renowned for her passionate novel Jane Eyre (1847), also published poems and three more novels. Born in England, third of six siblings, she was five years old when her mother died.
He spent part of his life devoted to teaching and his unbridled love for the director of the school where he worked inspired his novels Villette and The Professor .
4- Emily Brontë
(1818-1848) His most recognized work was Wuthering Heights (1847), but also wrote more than two hundred poems that were described by his sister Charlotte as"of a particularly wild, melancholy and uplifting musicality."
Supported by her sister, she published a collection of poems in 1846. After her early death due to tuberculosis, a novel she left unfinished was destroyed by Charlotte.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
(1806-1861) One of the most praised poetesses of her time. Born in England, she is best known for her work Sonnets from the Portuguese , A collection of love poems written for her husband Robert Browning. He died in Florence, Italy.
From left to right: Robert Burns, Lord Byron and Lewis Carroll
6- Robert Burns
(1759-1796) Born in Scotland, he received a good education in mathematics and English literature, although from an early age he had to serve on the family farm. His work Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect Was published in 1786 and gave him fame.
(1788-1824) Dedicated to freedom of thought and action, anarchic in his political stance and personal morality, the English poet and adventurer was the personification of the romantic hero.
After touring multiple Mediterranean countries, he returned home to publish Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812), which was an instant success. It was Don Juan , Published in 1819, his most recognized work.
8- Lewis Carroll
(1832-1898) The pseudonym used by the English mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, which he used for the first time in publishing his famous children's novels.
His fondness for paradox and nonsense as well as his appreciation for childhood led him to write his most famous novel, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland In 1865 and its sequel, Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There In 1871.
9- Samuel Taylor Coleridge
(1772-1834) One of the most emblematic and controversial figures of the Romantic period. His career as a poet and writer was established after publishing Lyrical Ballads In 1798. His best-known work is The Rime of the Ancient Mariner .
From left to right: Charles Dickens, George Eliot and Elizabeth Gaskell
10- Charles Dickens
(1812-1870) Author of 15 novels and countless essays and short stories, this celebrated English author generously promoted the careers of other novelists in his weekly columns and became involved in social issues. He stood out for writing about London and his grotesque and comic characters. Oliver Twist , Nicholas Nickleby , David Copperfield Y Big hopes Are among his most famous titles.
Discover with" Charles Dickens' Top 87 Phrases "The literary potential of this genius.
11- George Eliot
(1819-1880) It was the pseudonym of the novelist Mary Ann Evans. After a difficult childhood, managed to settle in London, where it was related to the poet George Henry Lewis, that motivated to write fiction. His most famous book, Middlemarch , Was published in eight episodes between 1871 and 1872.
12- Elizabeth Gaskell
(1810-1865) Better known as the author of Cranford and North and South , As well as for being the biographer of her friend Charlotte Brontë. His most famous works were written in reaction to the industrialization of Manchester, where he spent most of his life.
Following the tragic death of his young son in 1845, he took refuge in writing and published anonymously Mary Barton , A work praised by Charles Dickens.
13- Thomas Hardy
(1840-1928) Poet and novelist, is perhaps most famous for his powerful visual novels, worried about the inexorable human destiny. He retired from the architecture after publishing Far From The Madding Crowd In 1874. Between 1874 and 1895 he wrote more than a dozen novels and compilations of short stories.
From left to right: John Keats, Christina Rossetti and Mary Shelley
14- John Keats
(1795-1821) Keats' poetic achievement in as little as six years can be classified as astonishing. However, during his lifetime, the critics were about to overthrow him.
His first poems received harsh criticisms, although in 1818, with Endymion , Achieved greater success. The second half of the century finally brought him fame, praised by Lord Tennyson, is today one of the most cited and beloved poets of the English language.
15- Christina Rossetti
(1830-1894) Her reputation as a lyrical poet who stood out for her direct and captivating style has grown over the years. Goblin market, In The Bleak Midwinter Y Remember Are today among the most appreciated English poems.
He learned to write poetry by imitation, experimenting with different styles of verse. He died of cancer in 1894 and his brother William published an almost complete collection of his poems entitled Poetical Works In 1904.
16- Mary Shelley
(1797-1851) Author of Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus , Was daughter of the radical philosopher William Godwin. At age 16 he fled to Italy with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, who praised the irresistible and wild sublimity of feelings.
Both promoted the literary work of the other and were married in 1816. Frankenstein Is considered the first work of science fiction. It was based on the destructive nature of power when it encountered wealth. Its mythology lasts until our days.
17- Percy Bysshe Shelley
(1792-1822) Born in Sussex, England, he was the heir to his grandfather's considerable fortune as well as a position in parliament. He went to Eton College, where he began to write poetry, and to Oxford University.
His first published work was the gothic novel Zastrozzi In 1810. He married Mary Godwin, later named Mary Shelley. During the last years of his life, he produced his most notable works including The Masque of Anarchy .
From left to right: Robert L. Stevenson, Alfred Lord Tennyson and Anthony Trollope
18- Robert Louis Stevenson
(1850-1894) This Scottish novelist, essayist and poet is probably most famous for his children's book The island of the treasure . Educated as an engineer and later as a lawyer, he was always inclined towards writing.
He published several essays and dramas. Its fame grew after the publication in 1883 of The island of the treasure . Then he wrote and published The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde In 1886.
19- Alfred Lord Tennyson
(1809-1892) Considered the venerable master of Victorian poetry, famous for In Memoriam A.H.H., The Idylls of the King and Maud and Other Poems . The fourth of 12 children, born in Lincoln in 1809, attended Cambridge University.
His early novels received venomous critics, which disappointed him at first and then made him perfect his technique. His poems were inspired by even royalty, praised by Queen Victoria, who named him Baron in 1883.
20- Anthony Trollope
(1815-1882): One of the most prolific authors of the nineteenth century, his works include Barsetshire Chronicles And T He Way We Live Now . His illustration of ordinary life enlivened by humor won him the readers' affection and assured him continued popularity.
His extensive production is impressive given that at the same time he maintained a successful career in the postal service.
It produced 47 novels, an autobiography, two plays, short stories, travel books, articles, essays and speeches. Proud of his talent, he boasted of always having a pen at hand and giving himself to the work of writing, just as a mechanic or a shoemaker does.
From left to right: H.G. Wells, Oscar Wilde and William Wordsworth
21- H. G. Wells
(1866-1946) Acclaimed as a scientist and social prophet, Herbert George Wells was a prolific novelist, famous primarily for his science fiction works but also for his comic realism.
His zoological studies inspired him to write science fiction. The time Machine (1865) was the first of his very famous works and the pioneer of the genre called"scientific romance".
He lived to see the end of the Second World War and his defense of human rights had a definite influence on the formation of the United Nations.
22- Oscar Wilde
(1854-1900): Born in Dublin, Ireland, he was an exuberant and flamboyant playwright, poet and critic. He was a leading proponent of aesthetics, the controversial theory of art. He published his novel The Portrait of Dorian Gray In 1890 and fell in love with the very young Lord Alfred Douglas.
Since then he has lived a double life, publishing very successful social comedies, such as The Ideal Husband Y The importance of being called Ernesto At the same time that he spent his time visiting male brothels.
After being accused of indecent behavior, Wilde spent two years in prison, where he wrote two novels that were published after his death: De Profundis Y The Ballad of Reading Gaol . Ruined economically, repudiated by society and in poor health, he spent the rest of his life in Europe. He died in Paris on November 30, 1900, at 46 years of age.
Know the Best phrases and the work Of Oscar Wilde to know better the author.
23- William Wordsworth
(1770-1850) This English poet, born in Cockermouth, was inspired by the dramatic landscapes of the Lake District to write his poetry. Following the death of their parents, William and his sister Dorothy settled in the West Country, where they met the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with whom he would publish Lyrical Ballads In 1798.
After receiving payment of a debt to his father, the poet was able to marry and settle. He continued his poetic work, publishing The Excursion In 1814 and The river Duddon In 1820, although the conservative of his work at this stage annoyed his more radical friends. After his death in 1850 he published his autobiographical poem The Prelude , In which he worked since 1798.