The 20 Most Important Types of Books (according to Content)

There are several types of books , Some of the most important are: textbooks, consulting, recreational, scientific or self-help.

The books used today have their origin in very remote times, the first being those made in clay or wood tablets. Subsequently with the invention of printing in the fifteenth century, take the form of roll or loose sheets to finally adapt the square book form.

Bookstore with different types of books.

These scroll books were known as papyri, made by scribes who used to copy them, a slow and expensive process, so that they could not be acquired by people of low resources, only in the temples. For this reason, knowledge was transmitted orally, through repetition and memorization.

In its definition, a book is understood as any work written in the form of phrases, paragraphs and texts in which different and interesting ideas are captured, which are then read and interpreted by each reader. They usually have an external cover that guarantees protection against their constant use.

In its elaboration, technological innovations are revealed to optimize the quality of texts, access to information, and evidently the costs of production of each copy that guarantees its expansion in the market.

At present, the new form of book known as a computerized or digitized book has become evident and with a great boom. However, it must be distinguished from hypertext, in which information is structured by means of links, while electronic books are the digital version Of a printed book.

You may also like these 101 books recommended to read in your life .

List of top 20 book types

1- Text

The 20 Most Important Types of Books (according to Content)

It is used in schools and usually comes in print. It serves as a support material for the teaching of the teacher, enriching the learning process.

They contain information on the different subjects that are taught in educational institutions, its main purpose is to serve the student to reinforce the knowledge acquired in classes. Example: 6th Grade Challenges .

2- Complementary

They are those that treat a specific subject, providing the student with the necessary information to deepen the knowledge. They provide important and up-to-date information to the reader or researcher who may be useful to them during the Investigation work Or tasks. Example: The History of the Airplanes .

3- Consultation or reference

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They are quick reference books, provide an overview of the most important facts, contain specific data and references on different topics or guide us on where to find them.

It is the resource in which the student can make a quick consultation before continuing the investigation. They are very useful when written work . Example: Dictionaries, encyclopedias, among others.


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Those whose content entertains and serves as fun, characters are fictitious and rarely combine two or more functions. They do not need to contribute knowledge, because they are product of the creativity of its authors.

The authors recreate their experiences or aspects of life that have caught their attention in imaginary stories told in words. Some examples are: stories, fables and comics.

5 - Scientists

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They are characterized because the concepts, theories or any other topic addressed are scientific, contain information of certain disciplines among which are physical , chemistry , biology , Medicine, astronomy, natural sciences, among others.

They present the physical realities of the world, as well as principles and laws that enjoy universal validity. Its language is very technical, the statements presented can be submitted to verifiability.

They assume that their readers approach them with thirst to learn and solve doubts, consequently, the scientific texts must be prepared to be consulted quickly and without a particular order. Example: Awesome Science .

6- Instructions

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As its name indicates are used for the assembly, handling and configuration of various devices and devices, detailing how they should be used, so that the activity to be performed is simple and successful.

Whoever writes it should put themselves in place of the person who does not know the procedure to follow, therefore, this type of book should be clear, concise and easy to understand to solve problems of everyday life. Particularly they are presented in the form of manual, brochure or triptych. Example: Software books.

7- Literary and linguistic books

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This classification is oriented to the scope of the language and its expressions, through the creation of literary works with terms and linguistic figures that give shape to a language, taking uses of the moment in which the author lives, and shaping them in his works.

It uses literary language, which pursues a certain aesthetic purpose to capture the interest of the reader. Its author seeks the right words to express his ideas in a select manner and according to a certain criterion of style. Example: Romeo and Juliet .

8- Technicians

They contain extensive documents in which a specific topic is analyzed. The terms used in them are specialized technicians, with explanations and definitions of complex and interrelated concepts.

The recipients of these books are also experts in the field, or intend to become so once assimilated their content, which is why they will be extremely demanding with the quality of the translation. Example: Automation Systems.

9- Informative

Its main purpose is to transmit knowledge about different topics. These books are written with varying levels of complexity to fit the needs of the student.

It has two complementary functions: to answer the questions of the readers and to stimulate the children to other subjects of the knowledge, always of objective form. Example: Curiosities of the Human Body .

10- Outreach

This type of book is elaborated by specialists in the matter in the form of a collection, responding to the demand of information that the citizens demand, whose purpose is to spread theories, discoveries and investigations, inventions and advances.

They are related to science, technology And culture in general, among the most frequent themes are: environment, health or social and technological transformations among others. Example: The World through reason .

11- Religious

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They are books designed to support a religion, are considered to be divine inspiration and sacred. Generally, they are old pieces of collection, of great mystical, historical, cultural and sociological content.

They have different types of presentation, can be elaborated in rolls, several volumes, or a single book. Example: The Koran.

12- Illustrated

They are formed by graphic images and literary stories that complement each other. They offer pleasure, entertainment and a creative experience to the reader, developing their capacity for criticism and perception to interpret what the illustrator wants to tell.

This type of book should present a very careful image, not only in terms of the quality of the illustrations, but also in terms of the aesthetic aspect of the book as a whole. Your style and technique should be meant to captivate not only the smallest. Example: Macbeth By William Shakespeare.

13- Electronics

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Generally they are known as e-books, ecolibros or digital books. It is a digital publication of a book, stored on the web. Through them they incorporate multimedia elements and allow links to other pages of digital books.

They are presented as a comfortable alternative when porting and moving. It should be clear that at no time do electronic books pretend to supplant the traditional printed book.

However, they are preferred by those people who like to read at all times and everywhere. Example: Gabriel Infinita, memory of a writing experience .

14- Poetics

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They are books written in verse, in which poetry plays a fundamental role under its epic, lyric, religious, profane, popular and cultured forms. In its content, poetry has no rhyme, no quantitative rhythm, no meter in the sense of classical and modern languages.

Originally the poetry books had a ritual and community character. It is noteworthy that the first poetic texts were created to be sung. We can find the Bible, specifically in the Old Testament, Example: Song of songs .

15- Biographical

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They contain aspects in which the life of a person is told. Through them, the most significant facts and circumstances that are highlighted in their lives, both publicly and intimately, are remembered and made known, for this they must have as much data as possible.

Once all the information has been obtained, all the content and the ideas collected will be organized before beginning to be translated, as well as being able to discern from all that information which is really relevant and which can be discarded.

They are written in third person, taking special care in every detail to include to avoid giving a false testimony. Sometimes they may contain images. Example: Einstein, Passions of a Scientist .

16- Of auxiliary materials

They are collective works, conceived and designed with the aim of bringing experimental work closer to the main formal stages of the research process, such as hypothesis formulation, experimentation, analysis of results, discussions and conclusions.

They are those books that generally complement the activities of the textbooks, among these are the laboratory guides. Example: Manual of Soils (Laboratory and Field Guide ).

17- Didactics

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They are elaborated by specialized publishers for their difficult editorial and technical preparation, because for their realization it is necessary to take into account certain characteristics, such as: knowledge of child psychology, didactic qualities, mastery of color and form.

Its main purpose is the teaching or dissemination of ideas expressed in an artistic way, with an elaborate language and resources of philosophy. Its structure is flexible and must be governed by certain parameters such as brevity, simplicity and clarity. Example: The Magic Slate .

18- Travel

They expose the experiences and observations made by inhabitants of the same country or by foreigners, usually accompanied by maps and photographs made by the author. They conform a literary genre of great popularity for centuries.

It had special development in the nineteenth century. These works often have a non-fictional first-person singular (or plural) narrative describing a journey, revealing different, and mostly fanciful, views, for they invariably have an adventure.

They are often based on the exciting incidents of the itinerary or historical dramas that relate to the cities visited by the narrator, in which nostalgia is always present. Example: Towards Wild Routes.

19- Artistic

They are works of visual art, exist in the physical world as a specific fusion, unique in form and content, mostly made by a plastic artist who is the creator himself, who designs, thinks and develops the project. They can be single or serial artist.

They contain combinations of different communication languages. They are characterized by being made in a great variety of materials, not only paper as would be the traditional way of a book, also can be used other type of elements like recycled materials.

These books usually have certain factors to consider, such as the conjugation between the image and the text, predominating the image on it. Sometimes they are unique, but sometimes they occur in small editions. Example: Complete Course in Drawing and Painting .

20- Self-help

Compilation of the best self-help books

The Self-help books Are of general interest and therapeutic, serve as support for the reader because they address human issues. They transmit tips of daily happiness, positive thinking , Tricks to take the reins of life, to raise the self esteem .

A self-help book can be therapeutic in difficult times and at the same time can be an excellent antidote to give the reader more positive energy at any given time. We recommend a slow reading of them to understand and assimilate what the author wants to convey. Example: The power of Now .


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