The 20 Most Important Poetic Movements

Some of the Poetic movements Most important in history are metaphysical poetry, symbolism and poetry or poets of language.

Groups of poets, also called movements or schools, are associations of authors formed by themselves or defined by critics.

Poetic Movements

Its characteristic is the unity that is observed in the body of work of different poets and the styles or behaviors common among them.

Throughout history there have been many different schools of poetry. Below are some of them in chronological order.

Most poetic movements of history

XVII century

1- Metaphysical poets

The group known as the metaphysical poets was created to characterize a group of English poets whose work was focused on the use of Metaphors Extended with a complex logic. Also emphasized was the spoken quality of the verse in relation to the spoken quality of the verse.

2- Poetry of cavalry

It was denominated like poetry of cavalry to that arisen between English poets that came from classes that supported to the king Carlos I during English civil war.

The object of this type of poetry was to express joy and simple gratitude on celebratory matters, in a tone much more joyful than the works of other contemporaries.

3- Danrin School

The Danrin school is a type of haikai poetry founded by the poet Nishiyama Soin . Its name literally translates as"forest that speaks"and its object was to connect with the common people through themes and languages ​​of the day to day, in contrast to other traditional Japanese currents.

Century XVIII

Classic Poetry

The poetry of this time expressed a marked admiration for the classical world. The poets were in charge of emulating styles and constructions of Roman ideals.

The verses, which imitated those of Greek and Latin, resulted in a composition of verses measured and elegant at the same time.

XIX century

1- Pastoral Poetry

Pastoral poetry is considered as one in which the author uses various techniques to move complex subjects to very simple constructions. It describes rural life in a manner idealized generally for an audience within an urban context.

2- Parnasianism

Parnasianism was a French genre that began during the positivist period and whose name derives from Le Parnasse Contemporain , An anthology publication dedicated exclusively to poets. This movement sought a much more precise and technical work where there was an emotional disconnect.

3- Romanticism

The movement of the Romanticism Was originated in Europe not only in poetry but in many other areas of knowledge and whose peak was reached during the first half of the century.

This was characterized by an emphasis on emotion and individualism, as well as on the glorification of nature and of every past age.

4. Symbolism

The symbolism occurred at the end of the century is a movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin.

This was born as a reaction against naturalism and sought a much more sombre tone in which the ordinary was raised above the ideal. The common themes were spirituality, imagination and dreams.

5- Modernist poetry

Modernist poetry refers to poetry produced in Europe and North America within a context of modern literature.

This movement emerged with the rupture of concepts related to the immediate past to incorporate elements of remote cultures in time and space.

Modernism managed to develop a tradition of lyrical expression that emphasized the personal imagination, culture, emotions and memories of the author himself.

6- Home poets

The group of home poets gathered American authors associated with New England. They became very popular not only among local readers but also among Europeans.

The themes concurring in his productions were those of a domestic nature and with succinct messages of morality with a conventional poetic formality.

Twentieth century

1- Imaging

Imagism was an American and English movement playing with clear and precise language in conjunction with imagery. A typical feature was the attempt to isolate a single image in order to reveal its very essence.


The objectivist poets were those of the second generation of Modernists Americans, whose main characteristic was to see the poem itself as an object.

In this way, they were able to enhance their own characteristics such as sincerity and intelligence as a means of visualizing the world.

3 - Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was an American movement that sought to represent racial pride through intellect in art as poetry.

It sought to make a transformation through this medium in which ideas of progressive or socialist policies were promoted.

4- Beat Generation

The beat generation was made up of a group of authors after World War II, in which a rejection of traditional narrative values ​​was given to show a more crude profile of the human condition through experimentation with drugs and sexual liberation.

5- Confessional Poetry

Confessional poetry was an American style that has been described as the poetry of the personal. This focuses on personal experience and complexes such as mental illness, sexuality and suicide.

6- New York School

The New York school brought together a large number of artists in various genres in the middle of the century who drew inspiration from surrealism and avant-garde artistic movements.

7- Black Mountain Poets

Black Mountain Poets are mid-century postmodernists who developed at Black Mountain College in North Carolina. His style was based on the individuality of each line in terms of breathing and affirmation.

8- Martian Poetry

Martian poetry was a group of British poets of the 70s and 80s who sought to relate the mundane as if seen through the eyes of a Martian.

9- Poets of the language

The language poets were a group of Avant-garde Of the last quarter of the century who preferred to give a more modernist emphasis to the method used.

10- New formalism

The new formalism is a movement of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century in which poets want to make a return to metrical and rhythmic verses.


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