The Temperate climate foods Like apples, pears, onions or tomatoes constitute one of the most important sources of income of this type of these places.
Below you will find a list so that you can begin to grow them yourself or buy them at the nearest supermarket.
The Apples Are in the first place among the fruits of the temperate regions. The apple tree, its tree, has been cultivated over 3100 years and today there are perhaps about 7,000 horticultural areas of apples.
This large number may be due in part to the ease of hybridization and its great variability.
The apple tree is low, round, crowned and rarely exceeds 20 feet in height. It can reach an age of 100 years. The wood of its cut is hard and dense and is used for handles of tools and firewood.
The flowers are pink and white and the leaves are found together, usually at the ends of short branches, known as spurs.
Apples grow well in many different types of soils and climates and the best yield is obtained when the soil contains a small amount of lime. There are only a few varieties that grow in the tropics and these are usually placed at higher elevations.
The major apple growing regions are North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Apples can be grown from their seeds, but the propagation is usually by grafting.
The time of harvest takes place when fully ripe to allow all necessary chemical changes to occur during maturation.
Common pear or"Pyrus communis"is native to Eurasia and is a fruit known since ancient times. Its flowers are usually white and are formed with leaves.
It is a sweet and juicy fruit, and the flesh contains grains or stone cells, a specialized type of cells with very thick walls.
They are best in heavy soils with considerable humus and good drainage and in regions near large bodies of water. They are propagated from seeds or by grafting.
Pears are widely cultivated in Europe, where more than 5,000 varieties are known. France is the main producer together with the United States that produces about 25 percent of the world harvest. Pears are collected before they are fully ripe.
Onions are widely cultivated across a range of climates, but thrive best when temperatures are cool during early development. For its maturity a sunny and warm climate is preferred.
In temperate and warm temperate regions, depending on the environment, the crop cycle may take 9 to 10 months. Bulb formation takes 12 to 15 hours.
Sowing crops at higher densities may increase interception of lusk, but in thicker crops, the size of the bulb is smaller. Therefore, it is important to manipulate the seed density to provide maximum yields of a desired bulb size.
The tomatoes Grow in trays of seeds which must be planted at a depth of approximately three times the diameter of the seed and a separation between each one of 40 or 60 m distance. They develop best in temperate climates, at soil temperatures between 16 ° C and 35 ° C.
They are harvested in 8 or 17 weeks and can grow on the same soil with asparagus, cherries, carrots, celery, spring onion, parsley and basil. They should not grow close to potatoes, rosemary or fennel.
Peaches are of great importance in North America. The tree is native to China, where it has been cultivated for thousands of years. The peach came to the Mediterranean region and the Romans grew at least six varieties.
This fruit Arrived in North America with the first settlers. It is currently cultivated in most of the temperate climates of the world, especially in southern Europe, the United States, South Africa, Japan and Australia. Today there are more than 3,000 cultivated varieties.
Its tree is short-lived and susceptible to frostbite from low temperatures. The pink flowers are produced before the leaves and the round fruits have a velvety skin and a compressed, frayed or furrowed stone.
The plant grows best on sandy soil and commercial orchards are usually close to large bodies of water. Peaches or peaches are usually eaten fresh or canned.
Alfalfa is the"Medicago sativa"plant and there are many subspecies. It is a perennial plant that grows up to 30 inches (0.75 m) high in a wide range of soil conditions.
Its small flowers range from yellow to purple and are probably native to the area around the Mediterranean Sea, but are extensively cultivated as fodder for livestock in all temperate climates.
Wheat is a cereal that is grown for food. Wheat is usually milled in flour and used to make bread. The temperature required for wheat during the growing season is around 15.5 ° C.
The climate must be warm and humid during the early stage of growth and sunny and dry in the later stages. The amount of rain required for wheat cultivation varies between 30 cm and 100 cm. The main wheat lands of the temperate regions have an annual precipitation of 38 cm to 80 cm.
Cherries are white or pink flowers that are produced in clusters. They originate from Eurasia and were cultivated extensively in ancient times. There are more than 1,200 varieties that have been in cultivation and these belong to two distinct species.
The fruits of native American cherries have little commercial value. Cherries are cultivated extensively in temperate regions and are especially important in Europe. Several species of Japanese cherry, mainly the"Prunusserrulata", are cultivated with ornamental purposes.
Native to the temperate regions of Europe, mustard was one of the first crops in history.
The ancient Greeks and Romans enjoyed mustard seed like pasta and powder. In the year 1300, the name"mustard"was given to the condiment made by mixing the mustum, which is the Latin word for unfermented grape juice, with ground mustard seeds.
More than 700 million pounds of mustard are consumed worldwide each year. Yellow mustard is generally used to be prepared as a table, as seasoning, and as dried mustard. Dry mustard is often used as a seasoning in mayonnaise, salad dressings and sauces.
The flour made from yellow mustard is an excellent emulsifying and stabilizing agent, and is therefore used in the preparation of sausages. Brown mustards and oriental mustards are also used as oleaginous crops.
10- Plums and prunes
Plums are small trees or shrubs with white flowers, large and smooth. Commercial plums in North America are derived from three main sources: European plums, native American species and Japanese species.
There is a great diversity of climatic requirements for these three types of plum although the most suitable is temperate. Plums are used as fresh fruits, juices, preserves and jams.
They are harvested when they ripen. However, for preserves and jams they are allowed to mature longer. California and Michigan have led plum production in North America.
It is a plant that is found in the Andes, where it is cultivated extensively since its seed is edible and rich in vitamins and minerals. The ideal average temperature to cultivate it is of about 15-20 degrees Celsius, although it supports temperatures that oscillate between the 38ºC and the -8ºC.
The quinoa plant supports intense solar radiation, allowing it to gain the necessary heat to complete its growth and production period.
The melon,"Cucumis melo", is a wild plant native to South Asia. The melon came to Europe in the 17th century and is now cultivated in most warm temperate climates.
The melon Cantelupo is the most cultivated in North America. The true melon is a European melon that is not grown in North America. This fruit has a hard warty crust and dark yellow flesh. Winter melons are larger, softer and more spherical than melons in temperate climates.
Strawberry is a small fruit that is grown in most temperate climates. However, it is very perishable. It is not a berry, but an accessory accessory of fruit, consisting of a series of small dry achenes embedded in the surface of a great fleshy vessel.
They have been cultivated in Europe since the fourteenth century and in America since colonial times. They require only good soil, a temperate climate and plenty of sunlight. In the United States its cultivation has been of commercial importance since 1860.
Strawberries are mainly used for dessert, but can also be canned, frozen and used in juices, jams and preserves and as a flavoring
The carrot is easy to grow and only requires a mild climate. The seed should be planted to a depth about three times the diameter of the seed.
The perfect soil temperature for growing the carrot is between 8 degrees and 30 degrees Celsius and the seeds have to be planted with a separation between 5 and 30 centimeters.
Harvested in a period of 12 to 18 weeks and can be planted together with onions, leeks, lettuce, sage, peas, radishes, tomatoes, beans, celery and rosemary. You should avoid planting near beets, dill or fennel.
The quince,"Cydonia oblonga", was cultivated from the times of the antiquity and was very appreciated by the Romans. It originates from western Asia from Iran to Turkestan and can still be found in nature.
It is a small tree 15-20 feet high with many twisted branches. The fruit is large, round or pear-shaped. The seeds have a mucilaginous covering and are of great medicinal value. The fruit is usually used for jelly and marmalade, often mixed with pears and apples.
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