Some of the Best books by Stephen Hawking They are Brief history of time , The great design or The Universe in a Nutshell .
However, there are many more who have become a turning point in astrophysics, cosmology and science in general thanks to the theorems they collect.
Top 17 best books by Stephen Hawking
1- Brief history of time
(In English: A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes ). P Published for the first time in 1988, is a work of scientific divulgation that explains diverse subjects related to cosmology, black holes, Big Bang, cones of light and supercross theory.
It is aimed at a reader who is not specialized in the subject, since it uses a simple language to treat in depth important subjects, therefore, everyone can read it and enjoy this magnificent work.
It has been the best-selling science fiction book in history, becoming a bestseller immediately and managing to sell more than 10 million copies around the world, which was something never before seen for a book of that style.
He remained in the"best-selling"position for 237 weeks and broke the pre-existing record of 184 weeks, which led him to be recorded in the 1998 Guinness Book of Records.
Through this work, Hawking became world famous after the publication of this world-wide bestseller and until now retains its fame with one of the most recognized names in the field of science.
Hawking's main mission in publishing this book was to provide a broad and general view of the subject but including some more serious topics and trying to easily explain complex mathematics.
Some of the questions and questions that arise in this book are: what is the nature of time?, Was there a beginning or will there be an end in time?, Is the universe infinite, or will it have limits?
It analyzes great cosmological theories ranging from Aristotle to the present, besides studying some puzzles, contradictions and paradoxes raised as a challenge for the current science.
2- He Universe in a nutshell
(In English: The Universe in a Nutshell ) It is a book of scientific popularization that also was written by Stephen Hawking, its publication was realized in the year 2001 and its main subject is about the universe and everything that is around him.
As he usually does, he uses simple language to explain complex subjects, which makes reading easier for everyone.
Through this book, he guides us to a journey through space and time, to the very frontier of theoretical physics, where in many cases the truth is overcome by fiction and explains us in very simple terms the principles that govern To our universe and how particles, membranes and strings dance in an undecimensional space.
He is responsible for explaining how black holes are likely to evaporate and disappear taking with them their great secret, is where the small nut"the original cosmic seed"from which the universe in which we live.
He began by discussing topics related to the history of cosmology and its ancient theories and what were the modifications that it suffered until it reached the theories we know today.
It also cites important figures such as Aristotle, Galileo, Newton, Copernicus or Keppler, among others.
It is an essential work that enlightens and moves us, dedicated to all those who wish to understand the universe in which we live and all the details more curious about this.
3- Black holes and small universes
(In English: Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays ) It is a book of scientist of great popularity, published in the year 1993.
With its characteristic simple language, its sense of humor and commitment to facilitate scientific knowledge, this important scientific book is developed.
Throughout this book, topics are covered about the composition of black holes, possible reasons why they could be nodes of which grow other universes, etc.
Hawking explores a compilation of various topics, selections from his essays and lectures. It discusses imaginary time, the way in which black holes give light to small universes and the scientific efforts that have been made to find a unified theory that can explain all its events.
Some of the questions raised in this book are related to how we understand the universe, physics and reality to raise key questions of humanity: Where do we come from? Where we go? How and why does the"mind of God"exist? What are we made of? And give them an answer to all this from the point of view of modern physics and technology.
According to the author, there is still much that we do not know about our universe but thanks to the advances obtained so far it is possible to say that the full understanding is not completely beyond our reach.
Hawking is convinced that struggling in order to find a definitive theory about the universe is far better than simply despairing within human mental capacity, it also states that it is possible that after all, it is possible that perhaps not We are condemned to advance in pains of the dark.
4- The great design
(In English: The Great Design And Xcelente book of scientific divulgation written next to the physicist Leonard Mlodinow. It was published in the English language by the American publishing house Bantam Books on September 7, 2010, its subsequent publication in the United Kingdom occurred on September 9 of the same year and in the Spanish language was published through the Editorial Critic November 15, 2010.
According to the authors, the theory of the unified field may not be correct, this theory is based on a model proposed by Albert Einstein and other physicists to unify two previous theories considered different (and deals with the principle of the Universe).
It is an irreplaceable example because it manages to provide new answers to the latest questions of life.
It has an approximation between modern physics and philosophical terms that had been used for a long time and can now be considered"of old,"the same author has come to consider that philosophy has been held in time with respect To modern science and, above all, in the case of physics.
The philosophical position assumed by Hawking in this case is called model-dependent realism in order to solve the eternal philosophical debate that has been carried out between idealism and realism.
Even before its publication, it already gave much to speak to the mass media because it is extremely controversial in dealing with issues and draw conclusions such as: the invocation of a God or some supernatural being is not necessary to explain how it originated The universe and that the Big Bang was produced as the only consequence of the scientific laws of physics, in addition to all universes proceeding naturally from the physical laws.
It presents a new image of the universe very different from the traditional one, analyzes our place in it and even provides a very different image from the one that Hawking himself had spoken to us more than twenty years ago in his great book History of time .
Because unlike the statements he made in his recent work, in that previous book he inquired about the existence of a creator, he asked himself a series of questions about why the universe exists, why there is something instead of nothing, why We exist, etc.
During the last few years and thanks to the development of the"M"theory, in addition to all the other theories linked to quantum physics and the most recent observations that have been developed by NASA satellites, we can now ask a fundamental question : The ultimate question of life, the universe and the whole.
If we can verify this last theory and scientific observation, we will finally be able to culminate a great tireless search that has been taking place for more than three thousand years: finally, the Great Design will have been found.
In addition to the above, we can find that the excellent works of Stephen Hawking are
5- Singularities in Collapsing Stars and Expanding Universes With Dennis William Sciama (1969).
6- The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime With George Ellis (1973).
7- History of time: from the big bang to the black holes (1988).
8- The nature of space and time With Roger Penrose (1996).
9- The Large, the Small, and the Human With Mindcon Abner Shimony, Nancy Cartwright and Roger Penrose (1969).
10- To the shoulders of giants, the great texts of physics and astronomy (2002).
eleven- The future of spacetime (2003).
12- Information Loss in Black Holes (2005).
13- Brief history of time (2005).
14- God created the numbers: the mathematical discoveries that changed history (2005).
fifteen- The theory of the whole: the origin and destiny of the universe (2007).
16- The great illusion: the great works of Albert Einstein (2008).
17- The Cosmic Treasure (2009).