Problem-Based and Project-Based Learning

Problem-based learning

Throughout our life there are Facts and circumstances that make it difficult or even impossible to achieve various objectives That we want to achieve.

Before that series Of difficulties that we experience we can not avoid the emergence of several questions whose solution involves a personal construction. When we face each other
The problem arises the Need to search, inform, inquire, analyze, elaborate strategies and procedures, compare and put into practice the resources available to us to obtain a solution .

We can say that before these questions we activate a series of processes and procedures whose purpose is to obtain solutions that bring us closer to
What we want to get. In other words, in the path that goes from the problems until we solve them, we develop A series of learnings. This is the dynamics on which the Problem-based learning .

Problem-based learning is a methodology Which encourages The search for answers to a question or solutions to a problem, so that its correct resolution involves the development of new Competitions . From the teacher's point of view Involves working cooperatively with his students in the construction of new knowledge based on questions that he himself poses. The teacher passes
To have a role of facilitator, tutor, guide, co-apprentice, advisor, instead of the role of expert or formal authority that assumes in a learning process traditional.

In a context where questions are not naturally raised, unanswered or not encouraged, learning can hardly emerge significant. The teacher must To bring the contents to the reality of the student and to establish a bridge between the solutions to the problems that arise in class (at Frame of a certain subject) And their equivalents in other aspects of life . This approach is usually done through The examples and the implementation of the knowledge acquired.

He Project-based learning is a strategy In which, unlike the previous one, the students collect and analyze Information, plan, Implement , Report, present And evaluate their projects ( planning Of a series of actions Interrelated and coordinated to obtain an end), often chosen by themselves.

Usually the projects include the design and Development of a product, service, brand, process, function or operation that can be seen or used by third parties (unlike the previous one in which only Was focused on the solution and its process). It builds on individual strengths of each of them and allows them to explore their areas of interest and Their abilities within the framework of the matter in question.

We can consider that in project-based learning, students face different problems, and therefore use the methodology of the
Learning based on problems, thus, the latter would also be contained in the first.

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