The linguistic intelligence Consists in the ability to use words and express to other different concepts and thoughts through them, whether oral or written. It is one of the 8 types of intelligence defined by Howard Gardner .
Gardner's precise definition of this intelligence is:"linguistic intelligence is the sensitivity to the meaning of words, their order, sounds, rhythms, inflections, different functions of language, phonology, syntax and pragmatics."
This type of intelligence, also called verbal, allows us to converse with other people, write texts, even write letters or emails.
There are people who have this most intelligent intelligence, as can happen with writers, journalists, lawyers, poets, translators, teachers, etc. However, linguistic intelligence can be enhanced through various activities that you can start today. They will be discussed later.
This intelligence arises from the Theory of multiple intelligences Developed by Howard Gardner about the year 1983. His theory has been a fundamental contribution in psychology, revolutionizing the field of education.
In it, Gardner explains that there are different skills that are present in all people to a greater or lesser extent. There are people in which one or more types of intelligence predominate, so they learn better if they use learning paths associated with that intelligence.
However, it is possible that through proper training these intelligences can be enhanced in all people.
Linguistic intelligence along with Logical-mathematical intelligence Are the most important in traditional education in schools and institutes.
Thought is a predominantly linguistic phenomenon. That is to say, as we learn the language, it enriches our way of seeing the world and of elaborating the thought.
Linguistic intelligence seems to be associated with left hemisphere Of the brain in most individuals. In particular, the two key structures are the Broca area , Which is dedicated to expressive language planning; and the Wernicke area , Which helps us understand language.
Characteristics of linguistic intelligence
Linguistic intelligence is characterized by a great ability to use language as well as to learn new languages. People who possess this accentuated intelligence have a great deal of ability to express what is on their mind by handling words, speaking fluency, and being good at understanding others.
People with a great linguistic intelligence are attracted to words, enjoy reading and poetry. For them to write a work or a story is an attractive and enjoyable activity, rather than something tedious. In addition, they get high test scores that evaluate components associated with language.
Some of the characteristics of people with linguistic intelligence are:
- Good communicators.
- Enjoy reading and writing.
- They have good ability to spell and quickly identify errors of this type and grammatical inconsistencies.
- They display a broad vocabulary and are good at combining words. They like to use varied, unusual words and even invent their own.
- They know how to listen. In particular, they have the ability to pay attention to the language patterns of others, as they are sensitive to linguistic expression.
- Show preference for words, their meaning, derivations...
- Make word games and rhymes with ease.
- They are people who have a great capacity for persuasion through rhetoric.
- They have good verbal memory for general knowledge.
- They are organized and systematic people, so they have good skills to express themselves.
- Adequate ability to choose words with the aim of generating the desired emotional tone. For example, know how to write letters, poems, stories and reports.
Own likes of people with linguistic intelligence
If you have this type of intelligence you may enjoy reading, writing stories, letters and poems, telling events, listening to debates...
Sure you like word games like crossword puzzles and even enjoy talking in public and talking about any topic.
These people can have fun learning new languages and trying to communicate with people who speak other languages.
The great writers, journalists, poets, composers and politicians have stood out for having a great linguistic intelligence.
For example, the English poet and writer William Shakespeare , The Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes, the Russian writer Fyodor Dostoiveski, the English writer Charles Dickens, the poet Pablo Neruda, the journalist and writer Ernest Hemingway, etc.
Also here we find Great speakers Such as the Athenian politician Pericles, the British Winston Churchill, the American President Abraham Lincoln, the Indian politician Mahatma Gandhi and the American pastor Martin Luther King, among others.
- Television presenter.
- Radio announcer.
- Commercial and customer service.
Study tips for people with good linguistic intelligence
If you think that you have good linguistic intelligence and are a student you can use this ability to Improve your academic performance . Some techniques are:
- Write short summaries of each study topic.
- Emphasize or surround key words or important concepts in your texts.
- Record yourself by reading the most important or complicated information for yourself, and then listen to it several times.
- Use acrostics to memorize essential words of a topic.
- Try to have a conversation with someone or explain what you are studying.
- Memorize your lessons and then try to recite them aloud as if giving a speech.
Activities to improve linguistic intelligence
Developing linguistic intelligence has many advantages. First, language is a powerful tool for conveying knowledge and emotions; in addition to persuade , to debate, public speaking , Negotiate, sell, etc.
It is also very useful during the school period, since the exams are usually based on the memorization and expression of verbal information.
Here's a list of activities you can do if you want to improve your language skills:
- Learn a new word every day and try to add it to your daily vocabulary.
- Listen to the radio more often and if you are encouraged participate by expressing your point of view.
- Try to make up a little story and tell it to someone else.
- Start reading all kinds of novels, stories and jokes.
- Always carry a notebook to write stories, jokes and poems when you think of it.
- Create your own blog dedicated to a topic that interests you.
- Suggest to write emails or letters to your loved ones or friends instead of short messages.
- Spend time talking and discussing with other people. Join discussions on topics that interest you and dominate, and participate as much as possible.
- Try to express yourself in an orderly and clear way whenever you speak.
- Do the exercise of listening to others with your full attention. The ability to listen is something that is being lost.
We usually think about what we are going to respond to as we superficially hear what the other one says. When you talk to another person try to focus on all of your words and your emotional tone.
- Try to tell stories, jokes and anecdotes to other people. Try to organize them so that they are interesting and entertaining for those who listen.
Play the memory games Or those in which words such as crosswords, anagrams, scrabble, etc. are handled.
- Record yourself and then listen to the result. Identify what you can improve on your speech.
- Visit the library regularly and provide a book of your interest. You can propose to read a book a week, beginning with those more pleasant for you.
- Start a diary and spend a few minutes a day to write the things you want. There are programs and applications if you prefer to use the new technologies.
- Memorize your favorite poem or some passages that you like.
- If while you read you find words that you do not know or you are not sure of their meaning, remove them and look for them. Internet can be of great help.
- Try to write all the words you can think of for a minute. It uses criteria such as: that begins with a specific letter or syllable, does not contain a certain vowel, or belongs to some semantic category as"kitchen instruments". You can make small competitions with friends or family.
- There are audiobooks you can borrow or buy so you can listen to them while you are walking on the street or in your spare time.
- Make your own reviews of books, stories or poetry and communicate it on your blog or in literature forums.
- Join a reading club that can be found at your local library or on the internet.
- Try to identify the literary figures of certain texts and even create your own when you write.
- Use videos and internet articles on public speaking tips, negotiating, communicating more assertively, etc.
- Learn new languages. There are currently courses, academies, tutors and even applications that can help you.
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