Industrial Plants: Characteristics and 30 Examples

The Industrial plants Are defined as entities devised for the purpose of manufacturing, processing, assembling or packaging goods, articles or raw materials.

The end product may be a finished good or intermediates used in other production processes. These industries use diverse technologies And methods for managing the manufacturing process. You may also like to know The 20 most important types of industry .

The auto parts industry is one of the examples of industrial plants.

30 examples of industries

1- Textile industry

Produces and processes different types of fibers, such as cotton and wool, to convert them into usable products such as: clothes, sheets, towels, textile bags and many more.

Originally the activities were labor-intensive, but with technological advances they have been transformed into modern procedures with sophisticated machinery.

2- Footwear industry

Manufacture different types of footwear: sports, casual, moccasins, platforms, high heels and school, among others. A wide variety of materials are used to make shoes, such as fabrics, leather, plastic, rubber, wood and metal.

3- Clothing Accessories Industry

Within this category, a large number of items such as: wallets, belts, lenses, fasteners, umbrellas and hats, among others, are manufactured.

4- Pharmaceutical industry

Industrial Plants: Characteristics and 30 Examples

It produces synthetic preparations derived from natural plants Such as antibiotics, vitamins, blood substitutes, hormonal preparations derived from animal organs, and drugs in tablet, capsule and injectable solutions in ampoules.

5- Plastic industry

It produces products such as: containers, pipes, toys, among others, which are used in the food, beverage, construction, household and industrial industries.

The main raw material are polymers which, due to their thermal and mechanical properties, allow the plastic to take the desired shape through injection molding.

6- Electronic Equipment Industry

Industrial Plants: Characteristics and 30 Examples 1

It produces electronic equipment for mass consumer industries, such as computers, televisions and circuit boards.

The most profitable sector within electronics is the semiconductor industry which has an overall value of about $ 248 billion. Asia produces 56% of electronic products, the United States 37% and Europe 22%.

7- Cosmetic Industry

It includes the preparation, composition, processing and obtaining of articles to be applied on the human body with the aim of cleaning it, beautifying it or altering its appearance.

8- Primary metallurgical industry

In charge of the smelting and refining of ferrous and non-ferrous metals for the manufacture of metallic alloys and foundries. It also includes coke refining. They are intermediate industrial products.

9- Metal industry

From metal alloys and foundries, manufactures products such as metal cans, tinplate, cutting blades, general fittings, power tools, non-electric heating appliances, forgings and wires.

10- Preserved Food Industry

Dedicated to store and preserve food in glass and metal containers, using the process devised by Nicolás Appert At the beginning of the 19th century.

By this invention, once the food is packaged, it must be subjected to pressure and temperature controlled conditions, which will ensure the good condition of the product after a considerable period of time.

11- Industry of processed foods

It manufactures and processes foods for human consumption and certain related, includes most of the edible items available on supermarket shelves.

Pastas, oils, French fries, frozen dinners, among others. It does not include companies that sell meat or fresh products.

12- Beverage industry

Coffee production is one of the main economic activities of Colombia Coffee Bags

Two categories of beverages are distinguished within this industry:

  • With alcohol: beer , Wine and distilled spirits.
  • Non-alcoholic: water, soda, fruit juice, tea, coffee, energy drinks .

13- Cleaning products industry

Manufacture laundry detergents, dishwashers, disinfectants, chlorine and other general purpose cleaners.

Each household cleaner requires optimal combinations of components such as surfactants, stain removers, polishers and disinfectants to ensure maximum performance, but also needs to be gentle and not harmful to users.

14- Leather industry

Responsible for the tanning, curing and finishing of hides and skins so that they can be used in the manufacture of a wide range of clothing products, accessories and others. It is an intermediate industrial product.

fifteen- Furniture and accessories industry:

Produces furniture for the home, offices, restaurants, shops and public places.

16- Industry of machinery and industrial equipment

It manufactures hand tools, machinery of various scales and industrial components.

It includes electric saws, drills, nuts, bolts, screws, springs, valves, pneumatic hoses, polishing machines and metal working, as well as basic and complex industrial equipment.

17- Wood industry

Trees and logs belonging to timber plants.

Companies dedicated to the cutting, treatment, transport, manipulation and other activities of forest management. The products mainly include wood, chips, sawdust and veneers against veneers.

18- Industry of measurement, analysis and control instruments:

Develop tools and sensors used to measure, examine, analyze and control. Here are some examples:

  • Optical instruments and lenses.
  • Instruments for surveying.
  • Hydrological, hydrographic, meteorological and geophysical instruments.
  • Systems and equipment for search, detection, navigation and guidance.
  • Surgical, medical and dental instruments, equipment and supplies.
  • Ophthalmic products.
  • Photographic equipment and supplies.

19- Jewelry industry

It produces articles from precious metals, gems and other materials subjected to artistic treatment. These objects are used as personal attire. According to the raw material used, this industry is subdivided into:

  • Articles of gold with precious and semi-precious stones.
  • Articles of silver and non precious metals with inserts of several stones and glass.
  • Articles with non-ferrous precious metals and their alloys, combined with plastics, ivory, enamel, precious and semi-precious natural and synthetic stones.

20- Paper and related industries

It uses wood pulp and other cellulose fibers to manufacture products such as paper, cardboard and derivatives: sheets, bags, boxes, among others.

21- Refining industry of Petroleum

Refinery at night

Dedicated to the purification of crude oil for the production of fuel, pavement, lubricating oils, greases, waterproofing mantles, among others.

22- Graphic arts industry

Provides services in the small and large-scale printing sector. Its range goes from the elaboration of leaflets, cards, newspapers and books, to the production of billboards.

23- Rubber Industry

Manufacture of tires, guts and protectors for vehicles from natural and synthetic gums.

24- Stone, clay and concrete industry

It produces cement, clay, ceramics, concrete, gypsum, cut stone, asbestos and earth products in the form of stone and sand.

25- Glass Industry

It uses the sand of silica, lime, dolomite and soda for the elaboration of:

  • Flat glass. It includes plate, architectural glass, automotive windshields and mirrors.
  • Pressed and blown glass. Includes containers, lamps, sculptures blown by machine and by hand.

26- Tobacco industry

It manufactures cigarettes, cigars, cigars, using as an input the nicotine plant (tabacum).

27- Auto parts industry

Manufacturing parts and accessories of the motor vehicle according to the specifications supplied by the assembler. This industry serves two markets: original equipment and replacement.

28- Assembly industries

It is characterized by not manufacturing components. It acquires components, which it then uses to couple them and constitute finished products. Example: Vehicle assembling companies.

29- Aerospace Industry

Industrial Plants: Characteristics and 30 Examples

Dedicated to the research, development and manufacture of flying vehicles inside and outside the Earth's atmosphere. Includes: gliders without motor, commercial aircraft, military aircraft, manned and unmanned space rockets.

30- Defense industry

Responsible for the manufacture of armaments, ammunition and devices related to military technology, to be used by the armed forces and also civilians.


  1. Bryson, J. et al. (2005). Handbook of Manufacturing Industries in the World Economy. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
  2. Manufacturing Industry. Retrieved from:
  3. Manufacturing Industry. Retrieved from:
  4. Spiffy, D. (2012). Hub pages: Types of manufacturing Industry. Retrieved from:
  5. Standard Industrial Classification Manual, NATL Technical Information. Retrieved from:
  6. Szirmai, A et al (2013). Pathways to Industrialization in the Twenty-First Century . Oxford, Oxford University Press.

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