Agustín Reyes Ponce: Biography, Administration According to Reyes Ponce and Main Contributions

Agustín Reyes Ponce (1916 - 1988) was one of the most important management theorists in Mexico and throughout Latin America. In addition, he was one of the pioneers in this field and his work influenced the administrative organization, public and private, of the surrounding countries.

In addition to his research work, he is well known in the field of education. He was a teacher in several universities, especially in the Ibero-American. In this university he was one of the creators of several degrees and of the School of Industrial Relations.

Biography of Agustín Reyes Ponce

Reyes Ponce traveled to many areas of the world, always gathering data to complete his research on the best way to optimize administration. This improvement is not only conceived for the administrators, but also for the administrators and the workers.

Considered the most important business consultant in Latin America, Reyes Ponce never stopped working. Shortly before his death he continued giving lectures and courses. He received many recognitions in life and, years after his death, the Consortium of Mexican Universities established the"Agustín Reyes Ponce National Chair".


  • 1 Biography of Agustín Reyes Ponce
    • 1.1 First years
    • 1.2 Studies
    • 1.3 Teaching career
    • 1.4 Research activity
    • 1.5 Death
  • 2 The administration according to Reyes Ponce
    • 2.1 Characteristics of the administration according to Reyes Ponce
  • 3 Main contributions
    • 3.1 Mechanical stage
    • 3.2 Dynamic stage
  • 4 References

Biography of Agustín Reyes Ponce

First years

Julio Agustín Miguel Reyes Ponce, full name of the scholar, was born on April 19 in Puebla, Mexico, in a family descended from Ponce de León. He was orphaned as a father when he was very young and spent his childhood in the town of Atlixco.

His companions of the time emphasize that he was always interested in reading and culture. With only 3 years I was reading authors like Jules Verne.

Reyes Ponce was also a lover of classical music and had great facility for languages. At age 18 he helped his fellow students by teaching them literature.


Reyes Ponce graduated in Law from the University of Puebla in 1943, receiving an honorable mention. While he was training in this subject, he also took the opportunity to acquire knowledge in anthropology and philosophy.

Before moving to Mexico City, in 1948 he had helped found the Social Security of the Employer Center of Puebla.

Already in the capital he obtained positions as the representative before the Central Board of Conciliation and Arbitration, and was the founding chief of Technical Services in the Employers' Confederation of the Republic of Mexico.

Teaching career

Apart from his research work, his other passion was teaching. He began working in this field at the Universidad Iberoamericana, where he founded and directed the School of Industrial Relations. He also served as technical director of the Department of Economic and Administrative Sciences.

Always giving classes on administration, he passed through institutions such as the Autonomous University of Mexico, the Autonomous University of Puebla and the Technological Institute of Higher Studies of Monterrey, as well as the aforementioned Universidad Iberoamericana.

Research activity

Undoubtedly, the main recognition comes through his research and publications on administration. In order to write his books on this subject, he made a complete work of previous documentation, traveling around the world observing and collecting data on that field.

Among its main motivations was the intention to balance the factors of production. He never forgot the working conditions of the workers; in fact, their jobs were fundamental for some of the labor reforms in Mexico and for the establishment of a minimum wage.

His influence was not limited to his country of birth, since he was also recognized in the rest of Latin America. In addition to theorizing, he was one of the most important business consultants in the region.

I work in that position for companies such as Líneas Aéreas Mexicanas, Bacardi, National Bank of Mexico, Nestlé and the Confederation of Industrial Chambers of the United Mexican States, among others.


After a lifetime of work, Agustín Reyes Ponce died in Mexico City on October 22, 1988. Until shortly before his death he had been giving lectures and courses on how the administration should be organized to be effective.

His career was worthy of many awards and recognitions, such as the Juan de Dios Legorreta medal of the Legion of Honor of Mexico, granted by the National Institute of Economic Resources Development Professionals; and his appointment as Doctor Honoris Causa by several universities.

The administration according to Reyes Ponce

The works on the administration of Reyes Ponce made him the most important theoretician on that subject in all of Latin America. Its definition of what administration is has become a fundamental reference for all organizations, public or private.

According to the researcher, the administration"is a systematized set of rules to achieve maximum efficiency in the ways of structuring and operating a social organism". That said, he takes a step forward and concludes that"modern administration is to focus on new and current reviews that help the humanist society."

By focusing the administration in this way, it is not only trying to make it more efficient in its internal functioning, but it also states that it must seek to favor the whole society.

Characteristics of the administration according to Reyes Ponce


The administration is typical of every social organism since, to function properly, it needs a coordination of its means. Whatever the scope of that social organization, its administrative system will always have common elements.


The administrative phenomenon is independent of others, such as economic or legal.

-Temporary unit

It is true that any administration goes through different phases, but together all the elements that characterize it will always be present.

- Hierarchical unit

Although there is a hierarchy within any organization, all posts are part of the same administration: from the boss to the last secretary.

Main contributions

In his books, Reyes Ponce offers a system to improve the effectiveness of any administration, whatever the area to which it belongs. To facilitate this evolution, it divides the processes into two parts: a mechanical and a dynamic stage.

Mechanical stage

In this stage the author includes aspects such as foresight, planning and organization.


It is the moment in which a plan based on technical research is drawn up in order to achieve the desired objectives. He sums it up in the question"what can I do?" This phase is subdivided into three others: the definition, the research and the search for alternative.


In this stage the actions that are going to be carried out are fixed. The necessary process is planned, defining the times that are calculated to achieve the objectives, as well as the budget. The question to answer would be"what am I going to do?"


At this point in the process, it is necessary to answer the question"how am I going to do it?". It is time to organize all the elements, from humans to materials, to get the most out of it.

Dynamic stage

This stage is comprised of three different elements: the integration of resources, management and control.

-Integration of resources

Pay special attention to human resources. You have to hire and train the workers that are considered necessary to achieve the desired objective. Continuing with the summaries in the form of a question, the corresponding question is"with whom will I do it?".


It defines it as the part of the administration that makes decisions, although it also frequently delegates part of that responsibility. It is also responsible for controlling that these decisions are met.

I would answer the question"is it being done?" To be effective, you must communicate correctly and lead reasonably, not only because of the authority you have.


In this stage, systems are established to measure if everything is working correctly and, if necessary, to correct possible errors or misalignments. The question to answer is"what was done?"


  1. Ayala José, Marisol. Summary of the book"The administrator of companies, what does he do?"By Agustín Reyes Ponce. Retrieved from
  2. History of the cbt. Agustín Reyes Ponce. Obtained from
  3. Cruz, Armando. Business Administration of Agustin Reyes Ponce. Recovered from
  4. Sánchez Macías, Armando. Administration or Management: A Term Dilemma. Retrieved from
  5. Wikidata Agustín Reyes Ponce. Retrieved from
  6. Camp, Roderic Ai. Intellectuals and the State in Twentieth-Century Mexico, Recovered from

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