50 Natural Materials and their Characteristics

The Natural materials Are the matter that is harnessed by humans and which come from natural elements, such as plants, animals or the earth's crust.

Natural materials can be biotics, which are those that come from living things. For example, wood, cotton, pulp, honey, leather and wool are natural materials because they come from plants and animals.

50 Natural Materials and their Characteristics Amethyst

Inorganic materials are also found. Among the inorganic materials, rocks, minerals and metals stand out.

Natural materials are in the pure state in nature. For example, silver can be extracted from different points in the Earth crust .

Some of the materials are formed without the intervention of humans (such as Petroleum , Coal and diamonds) while others require human action (such as leather, natural fabrics and wood).

It should be noted that even after being modified and processed, this type of materials will continue to be natural. For example, purified silver remains natural.

Examples of natural materials

1- Leather

Leather is a material that is obtained from the skins of some animals.

To produce leather, the animals must be skinned and subsequently skinned to achieve the desired finish.

2- Milk

Most commercial milk is obtained from livestock, mainly cattle.

3- Natural Fertilizers

Natural fertilizers are extracted from biological material in the process of decomposition.

In general, animal excrement and vegetable waste are used as fertilizers.

4- Guano

Guano is a type of animal manure that is produced by the accumulation of excrements of seabirds. It is found in large quantities in the islands.

5- Feathers

Feathers are used as ornamental elements in the clothing industry, such as pillow fillings and writing materials.

6- Wool

This is a fabric that is formed with the sheep's coat.

7- Cotton

Cotton is a plant that produces a fiber that is used to make fabrics. The fabric produced is also called cotton.

8- Silk

It is known as silk the set of filaments produced by some caterpillars.

From these filaments, a fabric is created that receives the same name.

9- Wood

Wood is one of the most common natural materials, which is extracted from trees.

10- Bamboo

Wood that is extracted from the plant that receives the same name.

It is used in the production of fishing rods, furniture, among others.

11- Cork

This material is obtained from the internal tissues of the stem of some trees.

Most of the cork that is marketed comes from the cork oak tree.

Maple syrup

This is a molasses that is created with the sap of the maple tree.

13- Cement

This is a material in the form of powder, which is obtained from other materials (such as limestone).

14- Aluminum

It is the most abundant metal on planet Earth.

15- Iron

It is the second most abundant metal on the planet. Its versatility has allowed it to be used in various areas: in construction, in goldsmithing, in the armory, among others.

16- Copper

Copper is a brownish-brown metal, sometimes reddish. This is a very good conductor of electricity. For this reason, it is widely used in the electrical wiring system.

17- Granite

Granite is an eruptive, intrusive rock. It gets its name because its appearance is grainy. Because of its attractiveness, it is used in buildings as an ornamental element.

18- Chalk

It is a type of white sedimentary rock, used in the production of compact powders used for writing.

19- Gold

Gold is a precious metal, an excellent conductor of electricity. It is mainly used in jewelry.

20- Silver

It is a metallic element of white color. It is used in various areas, including jewelry.

21- Lead

Metallic element, blue. It is highly harmful to health.

22- Platinum

Platinum is a white metal used as a catalyst.

23- Clay

Clay is a sedimentary rock. When mixed with water, it forms a malleable paste which acquires hardness when cooked.

24- Pearl

The pearls are the product of some mollusks, which are formed from the secretions they generate to eject foreign elements.

25- Oil

Petroleum is a hydrocarbon that is formed by the decomposition of large quantities of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. It is one of the most important fuels in the world.

26- Coal

Coal is a very useful material since it constitutes a fuel.

This is formed from charring plant remains that have been preserved as fossils.

27- Graphite

Graphite is a material derived from carbon. It is a good conductor of electricity so it is used in electrical circuits and electrodes. In the same way, with the graphite are produced pencils.

28- Pumice stone

This is an effusive rock, characterized by its pores. It is used in construction.

29- Diamond

Precious, transparent stone. It is formed by the crystallization of carbon, which occurs at high temperatures.

30- Ruby

The ruby ​​is a reddish gemstone. It is used in jewelry.

31- Sapphire

Blue gemstone.

32- Quartz

Quartz is a precious stone. Its color varies according to the additional components it presents. In this sense, there are pink, white, transparent quartz, among others.

33- Peridot

It is a gemstone of green color and rhomboid form.

Lapis Lazuli

The lapis lazuli is a precious stone of hard consistency and of blue color. It is usually in the form of cubes.

35- Limestone

The limestone is a sedimentary rock and is usually white. It is used to produce building materials.

Other natural materials are:

36- Obsidian

37- Amber

38- Amethyst

39- Brass

40- Zinc

41- Marble

42- Lima

43- Sulfur

44- Write

45- Plaster

46- Talc

47- Feldspar

48- Arena

49- Water

50- Salt


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