Some Most outstanding Ecuadorian literary works Huasipungo , Dust and ash , Maria Jesus Y Seven moons, seven serpents .
Ecuador, neighboring Argentina or Chile, countries that gave birth to poets and writers like Benedetti or Cortázar, is also a literary referent in the South American continent. Writers like Jorge Enrique Adoum or José Queirolo, were born in Ecuador.
Some of them born under temporary situations in the Republic, have crossed borders with literary works of the stature of Requiem for the rain, or The tree of good and evil, Poetry written by Medardo Angel Silva in 1918.
Ecuadorian literature has been expanding in recent years, taking as reference the most outstanding contemporary works that have marked a milestone among the libraries of Ecuadorians, and other citizens of Spanish speaking countries.
Unpublished works, scarcely revealed, such as the literary works of Pablo Palacio, show the great literary and cultural enrichment that Ecuador transmits to the world through its prose. Deborah or Life of the hanged man They are Works of this writer that in his time, did not reach enough attention, or necessary diffusion.
Classical poets, from the time of the War of Independence, like Julio Zaldumbide, of works like To the loneliness of the countryside Or poetry The morning , Marked a point of reference for the other writers. You may also want to see a list with The 8 most recognized Ecuadorian poets in history .
20 important works of Ecuadorian literature
1- Huasipungo - Jorge Icaza
He was born in Quito, in 1906. Jorge Icaza is a popular writer, who narrated in his works the indigenous Andean culture of Ecuador. His work Huasipungo , Published originally in 1960, narrates the class struggle that was lived in the time.
It develops the arbitrariness and modern slavery that the indigenous lived at that time by the Ecuadorian landowning class. Jorge Icaza, in this maxim literary work, tells us how it was the division of classes in which the popular sectors were overwhelmed by the ruling class and the introduction of liberalism in Ecuador.
2- The Sangurimas - José de la Cuadra
José de la Cuadra was born in Guayaquil on September 3, 1903. Versatile in law, journalism and literature, José de la Cuadra gives us a literary work in the style of One Hundred Years of Solitude .
Originally written and published in 1939, The Sangurimas Is the story of a powerful Ecuadorian family, full of Myths and legends Typical of the time. A family hacendada that fights against the State through warmongering.
Full of mysticism, esoterism, and intertwined stories that reveal even as Nicasio Sangurima had made deals with the devil.
3- Maria Jesus - Medardo Ángel Silva
This young writer, who weaves a mystery about his death at age 21, was born in 1919. In the style of Maria de Jorge Isaacs, Silva delivers his short novel of ten chapters in which tells the melancholy story of a man Wounded returning to the field.
There he finds the longed for joy he missed in the city, which he described as a place of evil men. A poetic story in which he develops a small love story between the rapporteur and Maria, a nice fifteen-year-old daughter of a revolutionary.
4- To the coast - Luis Alfredo Martinez
It was born in 1869, Luis Alfredo Martinez was a political writer of marked trajectory and liberal ideas. In 1904 he introduced his book To the coast , A literary work that contrasts with the conservative customs of the time, showing a romantic rebel face between Luciano and Mariana.
It is a critical narrative with the religion, and the customs of the time. The story of each of the characters in this novel is blurred through the narrative, taking an unforeseen variation. Salvador, the main character, gets married to Consuelo, after several years of love and happiness, the story takes an unexpected turn.
5- The Catilinarias - Juan Montalvo
Literary work shone by Juan Montalvo, who was born on April 13, 1832. He is considered, by great part of the Ecuadorian intellectuals, one of the greatest illustrators of the country and reference of the critical and political literature of the country.
In his work Catalinas, Juan Montalvo, unscrupulous combat, the dictatorship of Ignacio de Veintemilla, in which he catalogs him as tyrant, and also corrupt. This literary prose of Juan Montalvo is a faithful critic to the customs of the time, to the society, and also to the clergyman.
6- Dust and ash - Eliécer Cárdenas
Novel written by Eliécer Cárdenas, who was born in 1950, in Cañar, Ecuador. Dust and ash Is a popular novel in Ecuadorian culture, in which the majority of the population of the time is revealed.
Naún Briones, a peasant warrior who is faced with the exploitation of the feud towards the peasant. Cardenas surrounds the main character in a semantics of romanticism, realism, and mysticism, which reflects what would be the true feeling for the time. It is a contemporary work.
7- The path of the sun - Jorge Carrera Andrade
Jorge Carrera Andrade is an Ecuadorian writer and poet born in 1903, in Quito. In his most transcendental work is The path of the sun .
The poet tells us the history of Ecuador through poetry, in which each chapter becomes a popular tale, which interweaves struggles, stories and indigenous characters of the Republic of Ecuador. It is a poetry made history with singular tone of story.
8- Seven moons, seven serpents - Demetrio Aguilera Malta
Demetrio Aguilera Malta was a renowned Ecuadorian writer and filmmaker, whose birth was moved to 1909. From the same genre of One Hundred Years of Solitude , This novel by Seven moons, seven serpent S tells the story of an infant named Candelario Mariscal.
The chronicle is made in the town of Santoronton, a place full of mysticism and that is managed to combine with reality giving hints of literary fantasy. It is a work of recognized cultural value in Ecuador.
9- Exiled on the back - Luis Alberto Costales
He was born on September 24, 1926 in Riobamba, Ecuador. Luis Alberto Costales was a notable writer, and an Ecuadorian philosopher, as well as a poet.
Exiled in the verse is a work in which the author conveys his most fanciful thoughts, revealing the Ecuadorian culture through poetry. Luis Alberto Costales reflects in this poetry his life histories, making it, according to the same author, an extension of his mental strain.
10- Cumandá - Juan León Mera
From the writer Juan León Mera, who was born in 1832, Cumandá Is a romantic novel that tells the romantic story between Carlos and the protagonist of the same name of the novel.
Through this literary work, Juan León Mera combines romanticism with the cultural and indigenous problems that were lived at the time, also relating the exploitation of the indigenous by the indigenous himself.
- Medardo Ángel Silva (1918). Maria Jesus. Quito. Foundation The Total Book.
- Mera, Juan León (1983). Cumandá or a drama between savages. Quito: Popular Cultural Promotion.
- Universal Virtual Library. Editorial Cardo. Biblioteca.org.ar.
- Montalvo, Juan (1966) The Catilineries. Latacunga: Editorial Cotopaxi.
- Ribadeneira, Edmundo (1968). The modern Ecuadorian novel. Quito: House of Ecuadorian Culture.